Christos Reppas

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The aim of this study was to update the compositions of biorelevant media to represent the composition and physical chemical characteristics of the gastrointestinal fluids as closely as possible while providing physical stability during dissolution runs and short-term storage. Media were designed to reflect postprandial conditions in the stomach and(More)
Dissolution tests are used for many purposes in the pharmaceutical industry: in the development of new products, for quality control and, to assist with the determination of bioequivalence. Recent regulatory developments such as the Biopharmaceutics Classification Scheme have highlighted the importance of dissolution in the regulation of post-approval(More)
This study was conducted to compare the luminal composition of the upper gastrointestinal tract in the fasted and fed states in humans, with a view toward designing in vitro studies to explain/predict food effects on dosage form performance. Twenty healthy human subjects received 250 mL water or 500 mL Ensure plus® (a complete nutrient drink) through a(More)
In this study, the importance of accurate simulation of fasting gastric environment for the assessment of the absorption process of two model lipophilic compounds, GR253035X (weak base) and atovaquone (non-ionizable), was assessed. Dissolution profiles were constructed in previously proposed simulated gastric fluids and in a new medium that comprises only(More)
The objective of this study was to test various aspects of dissolution media simulating the intralumenal composition of the small intestine, including the suitability of the osmolality-adjusting agents and of the buffers, the substitution of crude sodium taurocholate (from ox bile) for pure sodium taurocholate and the substitution of partially hydrolysed(More)
This study was conducted to assess the relative usefulness of canine intestinal contents and simulated media in the prediction of solubility of two weak bases (dipyridamole and ketoconazole) in fasted and fed human intestinal aspirates that were collected under conditions simulating those in bioavailability/bioequivalence studies. After administration of(More)
Although several routes of administration can be considered for new drug entities, the most popular remains the oral route. To predict the in vivo performance of a drug after oral administration from in vivo data, it is essential that the limiting factor to absorption can be modelled in vitro. In the case of BCS class II drugs dissolution is rate-limiting(More)
Purpose. To quantitatively compare in vitro dissolution data in biorelevant and compendial media, to investigate whether in vitro differences are reflected in the simulated plasma profile and to specify under which circumstances prediction of the plasma profile of orally administered lipophilic drugs can be achieved. Methods. Previously published(More)
To explore the effect of the nutritional state on the solubilizing properties of human intestinal fluids (HIF) on a time-after-food administration basis. HIF were collected in fractions of 30 min from five volunteers in the fasted, fed and fat-enriched fed state. In vitro solubility of five BCS class II drugs (danazol, diazepam, nifedipine, ketoconazole,(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the changes in duodenal composition in three nutritional states: fasted, fed, and fat-enriched fed state. Two isocaloric meals were administered to healthy subjects on nonconsecutive days. Subsequently, duodenal samples were collected every 30 min after which they were characterized with respect to pH, lipolytic(More)