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The cytosine deaminase APOBEC3G has been identified as a host factor that inhibits HIV-1 replication. We investigated whether genetic variants of APOBEC3G that could potentially affect the protein's expression or function were associated with the risk of infection in 122 Caucasians highly exposed to HIV-1. A novel C40693T variant was significantly(More)
Subcutaneous administration of intravenous immunoglobulin G (IgG) preparations provides an additional level of patient convenience and more options for patients with poor venous access or a history of intravenous IgG reactions. An open-label, pharmacokinetic trial (n = 32) determined the non-inferiority of the subcutaneous versus intravenous route of 10%(More)
The hypothesis was investigated that hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection behaves like an opportunistic infection in which progressive liver disease (PLD) is the principal manifestation. PLD in 81 hemophiliacs coinfected with HCV and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was compared with 53 HIV-seronegative HCV-infected hemophiliacs. Progression to AIDS and(More)
OBJECTIVES Coexpression of certain combinations of natural killer cell receptor KIR3DL1 and HLA-B alleles is associated with slower time to AIDS. The strongest protection in terms of disease outcome in KIR3DL1 homozygotes (3DL1 hmz) is coexpression of HLA-B*57 and a set of KIR3DL1 genotypes (3DL1*h/*y) lacking alleles expressed at low levels on natural(More)
BACKGROUND The selection of agents for any treatment regimen is in part influenced by physician and patient attitudes. This study investigated attitudinal motivators and barriers to the use of self-injectable antiretroviral agents among physicians and patients and measured the degree of concordance between physician and patient perspectives. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment strategies that would induce durable virological control of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 in the absence of continued antiretroviral therapy (ART) are highly desirable.METHODS. We assessed, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, whether the addition of therapeutic vaccines (ALVAC-HIV [vCP1452] or ALVAC-HIV and(More)
BACKGROUND The discrepancy between genotype and expressed phenotype of the polymorphic N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) has been suggested by separate genotypic and phenotypic studies in populations with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Only one study has examined both genotype and phenotype in the same population, and no discrepancies were observed. METHODS(More)
Expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I alleles such as B*57 and B*27 are associated with slow HIV disease progression. HIV-specific immune responses in slow progressors (SP) are characterized by a poly-functional profile. We previously observed within infected subjects that HIV peptide-specific responses could differ from each other in(More)
Six hemophilia patients previously seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroconverted between September 1986 and September 1987. None had risk factors for HIV infection other than hemophilia. We compared the factor concentrates received by these patients with the concentrates received by 10 seronegative hemophilia patients. A statistically(More)