Learn More
The cytosine deaminase APOBEC3G has been identified as a host factor that inhibits HIV-1 replication. We investigated whether genetic variants of APOBEC3G that could potentially affect the protein's expression or function were associated with the risk of infection in 122 Caucasians highly exposed to HIV-1. A novel C40693T variant was significantly(More)
OBJECTIVES Coexpression of certain combinations of natural killer cell receptor KIR3DL1 and HLA-B alleles is associated with slower time to AIDS. The strongest protection in terms of disease outcome in KIR3DL1 homozygotes (3DL1 hmz) is coexpression of HLA-B*57 and a set of KIR3DL1 genotypes (3DL1*h/*y) lacking alleles expressed at low levels on natural(More)
Expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I alleles such as B*57 and B*27 are associated with slow HIV disease progression. HIV-specific immune responses in slow progressors (SP) are characterized by a poly-functional profile. We previously observed within infected subjects that HIV peptide-specific responses could differ from each other in(More)
Patient satisfaction has gained widespread recognition as an important indicator of quality of care. In this study, we analyzed quality of care in correlation with patient satisfaction. Our results indicate that the overall satisfaction of quality of care of HIV/AIDS patients in a dedicated HIV/AIDS unit is affected mainly by the patient's perception of(More)
The hypothesis was investigated that hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection behaves like an opportunistic infection in which progressive liver disease (PLD) is the principal manifestation. PLD in 81 hemophiliacs coinfected with HCV and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was compared with 53 HIV-seronegative HCV-infected hemophiliacs. Progression to AIDS and(More)
Subcutaneous administration of intravenous immunoglobulin G (IgG) preparations provides an additional level of patient convenience and more options for patients with poor venous access or a history of intravenous IgG reactions. An open-label, pharmacokinetic trial (n = 32) determined the non-inferiority of the subcutaneous versus intravenous route of 10%(More)
OBJECTIVE Prolonged treatment with antiretroviral drugs results in the selection of HIV-1 variants with mutations conferring resistance to nucleoside and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI and NNRTI) or to protease inhibitors (PI). There is serious concern about transmission of resistant viruses to newly infected persons. This study(More)
BACKGROUND The pilot phase IIb VIKING study suggested that dolutegravir (DTG), a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) integrase inhibitor (INI), would be efficacious in INI-resistant patients at the 50 mg twice daily (BID) dose. METHODS VIKING-3 is a single-arm, open-label phase III study in which therapy-experienced adults with INI-resistant virus received(More)
OBJECTIVES Natural killer (NK) cell activity is increased in individuals who remain uninfected despite repeated exposures to HIV. Given that a combined major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) KIR3D genotype has been linked to rate of HIV disease progression, we assessed whether these genotypes played a(More)
Epidemiological studies in humans have implicated carriage of combinations of genes encoding certain KIR3DL1 (killer Ig-like receptor 3DL1) alleles and their HLA-Bw4 ligands in slower progression to AIDS, lower viral load and protection from infection. Given that the KIR3DL1*h/*y/HLA-B*57 genetic combination is strongly associated with favorable HIV(More)