Christos Kokkinos

Learn More
A novel immunosensor based on graphite screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) modified with bismuth citrate was developed for the voltammetric determination of C-reactive protein (CRP) in human serum using quantum dots (QDs) labels. The sandwich-type immunoassay involved physisorption of CRP capture antibody on the surface of the sensor, sequential(More)
This work describes a new type of integrated lab-on-a-membrane foldable device suitable for on-site duplex electrochemical biosensing using drop-size sample volumes. The devices are fabricated entirely by screen-printing on a nylon membrane and feature two assay zones which are located symmetrically on either side of a three-electrode voltammetric cell with(More)
This work reports the fabrication of disposable three-electrode cells with integrated metal-film electrodes. The devices were fabricated by a multi-step micro-fabrication approach combining sputtering for the deposition of metals and the dielectric material (SiO(2)) on the surface of a silicon wafer and photolithography for the definition of the geometry of(More)
This work reports the determination of trace Co(II) by adsorptive stripping voltammetry on disposable three-electrode cells with on-chip metal-film electrodes. The heart of the sensors was a bismuth-film electrode (BiFE) with Ag and Pt planar strips serving as the reference and counter electrodes, respectively. Metals were deposited on a silicon chip by(More)
This work reports the fabrication of disposable three-electrode cells with integrated sputtered metal-film electrodes. The working electrode was a bismuth-film electrode (BiFE) while the reference and counter electrodes were made of Ag and Pt, respectively. The deposition of the metal layers was carried out by sputtering of the respective metals on a(More)
This work reports the development of a sequential injection/stripping analysis method for the determination of trace Pb(II) at injection-moulded electrochemical fluidic cells. Conducting carbon fibre-loaded polystyrene electrodes were integrated within the plastic cells. The flow-through cells were incorporated into a home-made sequential injection analysis(More)
This work reports a microfabricated electrochemical paper-based analytical device (ePAD) for the voltammetric determination of DNA. The device is patterned by wax-printing on paper and features a circular assay zone connected to an inlet zone and a sink via grooved microfluidic channels for accelerated flow rate. An electrochemical cell with integrated(More)
The present work describes the trace analysis of Tl(I) in acidic medium (0.05 mol L(-1) nitric acid) by square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV) at a tin film sensor with novel configuration. This "green" electroanalytical device features on-chip metal film electrodes (a Sn-film working electrode, a Ag-film reference electrode and a Pt-film counter(More)
This work is a study of the analytical utility of Nafion-modified microfabricated bismuth film electrodes (BiFEs) for the determination of Pb(II) and Cd(II) by anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) in the presence of surfactants. Micro-fabricated BiFEs were prepared by depositing a thin film of bismuth on the surface of a silicon substrate by sputtering while(More)
Over the last years, nanomaterials have found many applications in the development of electrochemical biosensors. Among other functions, metal nanoparticles (NPs) and quantum dots (QDs) (semiconducting nanocrystals composed of metal salts) are increasingly being used as voltammetric labels in affinity biosensing. Labeling is based on the attachment of the(More)