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We localized the temporal and spatial distribution of pressures in the urethra to identify their contribution to continence. With the data obtained we resolved the timing between the passively transmitted and actively generated urethral pressures. Data were obtained from 11 healthy female volunteers, with a mean age of 22 years. Simultaneous measurements of(More)
The age related effects of 17beta-estradiol (E) supplementation on micturition and contractility of ovariectomized rats (OVX) were evaluated. Studies were carried out in young, 2 month, and mature, 10 month old rats which were distributed into three groups: Sham-operated (SHAM), (OVX), and (OVX+E). Following treatment, urodynamic studies were performed(More)
BACKGROUND Current measurement tools have difficulty identifying the automatic physiologic processes maintaining continence, and many questions still remain about pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function during automatic events. OBJECTIVE To perform a feasibility study to characterise the displacement, velocity, and acceleration of the PFM and the urethra(More)
PURPOSE The pelvic tissue of women with pelvic organ prolapse is stiffer than that of controls but there are scant data on the collagen composition that corresponds to these mechanical properties. We evaluated human vaginal wall stiffness using the novel scanning haptic microscope and correlated these measurements to collagen expression in women with and(More)
Urethral closure pressures are examined with respect to continence and aging. An attempt is made to interpret the inherent orientation sensitivity of microtip transducer profilometry. The transmission of cough pressures along the length of the urethra is also examined, showing that incontinence is associated with low transmission.
OBJECTIVES To: (i) visualize the effect of sustained voluntary contractions on the anatomical configuration of the pelvic floor (PF) muscles using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); (ii) examine the effect of ageing on the range of displacement of the PF contents secondary to contraction and simulating incontinence exercises; and (iii) introduce the concept(More)
What is it that the clinician "feels" during a digital rectal examination? To answer this question, it is necessary to measure the elastic properties of the prostate and verify the stiffness values with histological examination. Therefore, we devised an Elasticity Mapping System to evaluate the elastic properties of various histopathological grades of(More)
Real time ultrasound imaging is one of the many ways to clinically evaluate the anatomical and functional condition of female pelvic floor in patients with urinary incontinence. Reflex arc testing of the displacement of uro-gynecological structures during imaging provides a non-invasive way of visualizing their motility. The response from such tests(More)
Magnetic resonance was used to visualize the effect of voluntary pelvic floor contractions on the abdominal structures with particular emphasis in determining the dynamic relationship between the bladder and surrounding organs. The pelvic floor was imaged in 6 asymptomatic female volunteers using MRI viewed in seven coronal and seven sagittal planes. The(More)