Christos E. Constantinou

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The incorporation of novel broad band sensory modalities, integrating tactile technology, with visual and auditory signals into the evolution of the next generation of surgical robotic is likely to significantly enhance their utility and safety. In this paper considerations are made of a system, where tactile information together with visual and audio(More)
AIMS The development of a vaginal probe for the evaluation of the dynamics of pelvic floor function is described. Fundamental criteria in the design of this probe involves the incorporation of a means of assessing whether the isotonic forces closing the vagina are equally distributed or whether they are greater in some directions than others. The aim of(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a method to quantify displacement of pelvic structures during contraction of the pelvic floor muscles from transperineal ultrasound images in men and investigate the reliability of the method between days. METHODS Ten healthy male volunteers (aged 28-41 years) attended 2 separate data collection sessions. Ultrasound images were(More)
BACKGROUND Current measurement tools have difficulty identifying the automatic physiologic processes maintaining continence, and many questions still remain about pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function during automatic events. OBJECTIVE To perform a feasibility study to characterise the displacement, velocity, and acceleration of the PFM and the urethra(More)
In this review the diagnostic potential of evaluating female pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function using magnetic and ultrasound imaging in the context of urodynamic observations is considered in terms of determining the mechanisms of urinary continence. A new approach is used to consider the dynamics of PFM activity by introducing new parameters derived from(More)
Visualization of the geometric deformation and associated displacement patterns of tubular abdominal organs to mechanical stimuli provides a quantitative measure that is useful in modeling their elastic properties. The origin of the stimulus may be the result of direct and voluntary muscle contraction or in response to a triggered reflex activity. Using(More)
We simulated the way that pelvic floor muscles (PFM) generate zonal compression on the vagina and urethra in order to maintain urinary continence. Raw data were obtained using a probe to map the distribution of vaginal closure forces. Simulation model was made using ordinary Spring-mass model. The biomechanical properties are applied to the spring of the(More)