Christopher Y. Choi

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Microbial contamination of the surfaces of cantaloupe, iceberg lettuce, and bell peppers via contact with irrigation water was investigated to aid in the development of irrigation water quality standards for enteric bacteria and viruses. Furrow and subsurface drip irrigation methods were evaluated with the use of nonpathogenic surrogates, coliphage PRD1,(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of humidity on the preharvest survival of microbial pathogens on cantaloupe, lettuce, and bell peppers. An additional goal was to evaluate Clostridium perfringens as an indicator of fecal contamination on produce. The microorganisms used in this study included Escherichia coli, E. coli O157:H7, Shigella(More)
Two different irrigation systems, subsurface drip irrigation and furrow irrigation, are tested to investigate the level of viral contamination and survival when tertiary effluent is used in arid and semi-arid regions. The effluent was injected with bacteriophages of PRD1 and MS2. A greater number of PRD1 and MS2 were recovered from the lettuce in the(More)
A "what-if" scenario where biological agents are accidentally or deliberately introduced into a water system was generated, and artificial neural network (ANN) models were applied to identify the pathogenic release location to isolate the contaminated area and minimize its hazards. The spatiotemporal distribution of Escherichia coli 15597 along the water(More)
Efficient production of algal biofuels could reduce dependence on foreign oil by providing a domestic renewable energy source. Moreover, algae-based biofuels are attractive for their large oil yield potential despite decreased land use and natural resource (e.g., water and nutrients) requirements compared to terrestrial energy crops. Important factors(More)
The present study investigates the axial dispersion and retardation patterns of viruses in a pressurized water distribution pipe using MS-2 as a surrogate. The results were obtained by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), along with a hydraulic and water quality model. These models included the plug flow assumption and were first used to estimate(More)
The goal of this study was to quantitatively assess the effects of temperature and soil moisture on the survival of coliphage PRD-1 in soil. PRD-1 was added to sandy loam soil at five different soil moisture levels. The soil seeded with PRD-1 was packed into sterile polyethylene jars and exposed to eight different temperatures in an oven. Samples were(More)
Solar drying has been used extensively to dewater biosolids for ease of transportation and to a lesser degree to reduce pathogens prior to land application. The nitrogen in biosolids makes them a relatively inexpensive but valuable source of fertilizer. In this study, nitrogen loss from tilled and untilled biosolids was investigated during the solar drying(More)
Assuming a scenario of a hypothetical pathogenic outbreak, we aimed this study at developing a decision-support model for identifying the location of the pathogenic intrusion as a means of facilitating rapid detection and efficient containment. The developed model was applied to a real sewer system (the Campbell wash basin in Tucson, AZ) in order to(More)