Christopher White

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Whereas domestication of livestock, pets, and crops is well documented, it is still unclear to what extent microbes associated with the production of food have also undergone human selection and where the plethora of industrial strains originates from. Here, we present the genomes and phenomes of 157 industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts. Our analyses(More)
For many automatic speech recognition (ASR) applications, it is useful to predict the likelihood that the recognized string contains an error. This paper explores two modifications of a classic design. First, it replaces the standard maximum likelihood classifier with a maximum entropy classifier. The maximum entropy framework carries the dual advantages(More)
To overcome frame rate limitations in high-frequency ultrasound microimaging, new data acquisition techniques have been implemented for 2-D (B-scan) and color flow visualization. These techniques, referred to as retrospective B-scan imaging (RBI) and retrospective color flow imaging (RCFI) are based on the use of the electrocardiogram (ECG) to trigger(More)
The incorporation of auxiliary variables into capturerecapture models provides the biologist the opportunity to explore many biological hypotheses, and thus provides a powerful technique for extending the analysis of encounter history data. However, cause-and-eþ ect relationships cannot be gained without experimental manipulation of the system. That is,(More)
A multiplicity of physico-chemical and biological mechanisms determine the removal of toxic metals, metalloids and radionuclides from contaminated wastes. Physico-chemical mechanisms of removal, which may be encompassed by the general term ‘biosorption”, include adsorption, ion exchange and entrapment which are features of living and dead biomass as well as(More)
Most language recognition systems consist of a cascade of three stages: (1) tokenizers that produce parallel phone streams, (2) phonotactic models that score the match between each phone stream and the phonotactic constraints in the target language, and (3) a final stage that combines the scores from the parallel streams appropriately (M.A. Zissman, 1996).(More)
Sulfate-reducing bacterial (SRB) biofilms were grown in a flowcell in which the biofilm was grown on a fixed area of support which was supplied with recirculating medium of defined composition, volume and circulation rate. Utilization rates for substrates, production rates for products and material mass-balances for substrates and Cd were determined and a(More)
By rotating on a short, flexible, pedal stalk, Cupelopagis vorax captures prey that traverse the substratum to which this sessile rotifer attaches. Microvideographic analysis (including slow motion and freeze-frame) permitted us to examine some of the details of Cupelopagis foraging behavior. When undisturbed, Cupelopagis usually faces forward in a resting(More)
The role of the advanced practice nurse in nephrology is evolving rapidly. The following questions and role descriptions were posted on the ANNAlink Advanced Practice ListServe. The dialogue is just beginning--stay tuned! Stay informed and connect to advance your practice!