Christopher W. McAndrew

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Activating mutations within fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3), a receptor tyrosine kinase, are responsible for human skeletal dysplasias including achondroplasia and the neonatal lethal syndromes, Thanatophoric Dysplasia (TD) type I and II. Several of these same FGFR3 mutations have also been identified somatically in human cancers, including(More)
The cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor (CKI) p27Kip1 binds to cyclin E/CDK2 complexes and prevents premature S-phase entry. During late G1 and throughout S-phase, p27 phosphorylation at T187 leads to its subsequent degradation, which relieves CDK2 inhibition to promote cell cycle progression. However, critical events that trigger CDK2 complexes to(More)
Speedy/RINGO family members bind and activate cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs), although these proteins have no homology to known cyclin proteins. Members of this family are required for and enhance meiotic maturation, in addition to having novel roles in regulating the mitotic mammalian cell cycle and the DNA damage response. Here we discuss how the(More)
Spy1 is the originally identified member of the Speedy/Ringo family of vertebrate cell cycle regulators, which can control cell proliferation and survival through the atypical activation of cyclin-dependent kinases. Here we report a role for Spy1 in apoptosis and checkpoint activation in response to UV irradiation. Using an inducible system allowing for(More)
Human serum paraoxonase (HuPON1) is a calcium-dependent enzyme that hydrolyzes esters, including organophosphates and lactones, and exhibits anti-atherogenic properties. A few amino acids have been shown to be essential for the enzyme's arylesterase and organophosphatase activities. Until very recently, a three-dimensional model was not available for(More)
Prolactin is essential for normal mammary gland development and differentiation, and has been shown to promote tumor cell proliferation and chemotherapeutic resistance. Soluble isoforms of the prolactin receptor (PrlR) have been reported to regulate prolactin bioavailability by functioning as 'prolactin-binding proteins'. Included in this category is Δ7/11,(More)
BACKGROUND NFκB signaling is of paramount importance in the regulation of apoptosis, proliferation, and inflammatory responses during human development and homeostasis, as well as in many human cancers. Receptor Tyrosine Kinases (RTKs), including the Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptors (FGFRs) are also important in development and disease. However, a direct(More)
Signaling regulated by NFκB and related transcription factors is centrally important to many inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, cancer, and stress responses. The kinase that directly regulates the canonical NFκB transcriptional pathway, Inhibitor of κB kinase β (IKKβ), undergoes activation by Ser phosphorylation mediated by NIK or TAK1 in response to(More)
The intrinsic damage response is activated by DNA damage that arises during the cell division process. The ability of the cell to repair this damage during proliferation is important for normal cell growth and, when disrupted, may lead to increased mutagenesis and tumorigenesis. The atypical CDK activator, Spy1, was previously shown to promote cell(More)
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