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Tenofovir is a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor for treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Several cases of renal failure associated with tenofovir therapy recently have been reported. A 54-year-old man with HIV experienced decreasing renal function and Fanconi's syndrome secondary to tenofovir therapy. His condition gradually(More)
Adherence is critical to the success of antiretroviral therapy, with near perfect medication taking required for optimal results. Many factors may affect a patient's ability to adhere to antiretroviral therapy, including complexity of the regimen and adverse effects from medications. Previous research showed that some disparity may exist between clinicians'(More)
Of the recently approved antiretroviral agents, efavirenz has become a popular medication for the treatment of HIV infection. The efficacy of an efavirenz-based regimen has allowed the use of a combination of this medication with other antiretroviral agents in all levels of HIV disease, resulting in decreased viral replication and positive clinical results.(More)
Anagrelide, a selective thrombocytopenic agent, is administered to treat a variety of hematologic disorders. Despite limited clinical experience with this drug, serious cardiovascular events, including congestive heart failure, have been reported. The proposed mechanism of cardiotoxicity is attributed to inhibition of phosphodiesterase, resulting in(More)
OBJECTIVE A long-term medication adherence project was designed and implemented in an urban HIV clinic to address antiretroviral medication adherence. DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a prospective study of patients on long-term antiretroviral therapy. Referred patients were on antiretroviral agents at least six months and had two consecutive detectable(More)
OBJECTIVE To report five cases of ingrown toenails (IGTN) associated with indinavir/ritonavir (IDV/RTV) combination therapy. CASE SUMMARY The median onset of IGTN from initiation of IDV/RTV therapy was 18.4 weeks. Four patients previously received IDV, with one of these experiencing prior IGTN. All patients required surgical management of IGTN. All(More)
Opportunistic infections during primary infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are rare, with the exception of oral and esophageal candidiasis. HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) typically occur during advanced HIV infection. We report two patients who developed HIVAN and a presumptive diagnosis of PCP,(More)