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Infiltration of macrophages into the artery wall plays detrimental roles during hypertension by promoting vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, and it occurs via a chemo-attractant action of chemokines on macrophage cytokine receptors. We sought to identify the key chemokine receptors associated with macrophage infiltration into the vascular(More)
BACKGROUND In both healthy male subjects and men with heart failure, the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is related to the amount of fluid displaced from their legs into the neck overnight. Whether overnight rostral fluid shift contributes to the pathogenesis of OSA in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is unknown. We hypothesized that(More)
We tested whether significant leukocyte infiltration occurs in a mouse model of permanent cerebral ischemia. C57BL6/J male mice underwent either permanent (3 or 24 hours) or transient (1 or 2 hours+22- to 23-hour reperfusion) middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Using flow cytometry, we observed ∼15,000 leukocytes (CD45(+high) cells) in the ischemic(More)
BACKGROUND Fluid accumulation in the neck during recumbency might narrow the upper airway (UA) and thereby contribute to its collapse in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). It is hypothesised that acute fluid shifts from the legs to the upper body in healthy subjects would increase neck circumference and reduce the cross-sectional area of the UA(More)
Although sleep apnoea is very common in patients with end-stage renal disease, the physiological mechanisms for this association have not yet been determined. The current authors hypothesised that altered respiratory chemo-responsiveness may play an important role. In total, 58 patients receiving treatment with chronic dialysis were recruited for overnight(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs frequently in patients with drug-resistant hypertension. The factors accounting for this observation, however, are unclear. Both conditions demonstrate clinical features suggestive of extracellular fluid volume overload. The aims of this study were to examine whether the spontaneous overnight fluid shift from the legs to the(More)
Long-term nocturnal hemodialysis, which uses longer and more frequent sessions than conventional hemodialysis, lowers clinic blood pressure and left ventricular mass. We tested the hypotheses that short-term nocturnal hemodialysis would (1) reduce ambulatory blood pressure; (2) cause peripheral vasodilation; (3) lower plasma norepinephrine concentration;(More)
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have an elevated cardiovascular mortality. Although much interest has been focused on the understanding of the accelerated nature of their coronary artery disease, sudden cardiac death (SCD) has emerged as the single largest cause of cardiac death in our patient population. Multiple traditional and novel(More)
OBJECTIVE Heightened levels of inflammation may be associated with an increased risk of depression, particularly among those with inflammatory medical conditions. Although elevated rates of both systemic inflammation and depression have been documented among patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD), the link between these factors has received little(More)