Christopher T. Chan

Learn More
BACKGROUND Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent risk factor for mortality in the dialysis population. LVH has been attributed to several factors, including hypertension, excess extracellular fluid (ECF) volume, anemia and uremia. Nocturnal hemodialysis is a novel renal replacement therapy that appears to improve blood pressure control. (More)
CONTEXT A predictive index for renal replacement therapy (RRT; hemodialysis or continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration) after cardiac surgery may improve clinical decision making and research design. OBJECTIVES To develop a predictive index for RRT using preoperative information. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Retrospective cohort of 20 131 cardiac(More)
During recent years, the importance of intensified dialysis regimens has gathered increasing interest, especially after the Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study Group reported that a higher dose of thrice-weekly hemodialysis failed to improve clinical outcomes. Long nocturnal hemodialysis (three to six times per week) or short daily hemodialysis are the currently used(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired neural control of heart rate, elevated arterial stiffness, and hypertension place patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) at increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. Nocturnal hemodialysis (6 x 8 hours/week), a more intense program than conventional hemodialysis (3 x 4 hours/week), lowers blood pressure and restores brachial(More)
BACKGROUND Fluid accumulation in the neck during recumbency might narrow the upper airway (UA) and thereby contribute to its collapse in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). It is hypothesised that acute fluid shifts from the legs to the upper body in healthy subjects would increase neck circumference and reduce the cross-sectional area of the UA(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Cardiovascular events are common in patients with ESRD. Whether sympathetic overactivity or vagal withdrawal contribute to cardiovascular events is unclear. We determined the general prevalence and clinical correlates of heart rate variability in patients on hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS We collected(More)
Prior small studies have shown multiple benefits of frequent nocturnal hemodialysis compared to conventional three times per week treatments. To study this further, we randomized 87 patients to three times per week conventional hemodialysis or to nocturnal hemodialysis six times per week, all with single-use high-flux dialyzers. The 45 patients in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Fluid displacement into nuchal and peripharyngeal soft tissues while recumbent may contribute to narrowing and increased airflow resistance of the pharynx (Rph), and predispose to pharyngeal collapse in patients at risk for obstructive sleep apnea. OBJECTIVES To determine whether displacement of fluid from the lower body to the neck will(More)
PURPOSE N-acetylcysteine may prevent acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery. To determine if N-acetylcysteine warrants definitive evaluation in a large multicentre trial, we evaluated its effects on a surrogate outcome, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), in a randomized trial. METHODS One-hundred-seventy-seven cardiac surgery patients with(More)