Christopher S. Navara

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Human embryonic stem (ES) cells are highly sensitive to environmental insults including DNA damaging agents, responding with high levels of apoptosis. To understand the response of human ES cells to DNA damage, we investigated the function of the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) DNA damage signaling pathway in response to gamma-irradiation. Here, we(More)
Identical DNA methylation differences between maternal and paternal alleles in gametes and adults suggest that the inheritance of genomic imprints is strictly due to the embryonic maintenance of DNA methylation. Such maintenance would occur in association with every cycle of DNA replication, including those of preimplantation embryos. The expression of the(More)
Ikaros, a zinc finger-containing DNA-binding protein, is required for normal lymphocyte development, and germline mutant mice that express only non-DNA binding dominant-negative "leukemogenic" Ikaros isoforms lacking critical N-terminal zinc fingers develop an aggressive form of lymphoblastic leukemia 3-6 months after birth. Therefore, we sought to(More)
Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) pluripotency has been reported by several groups to be best maintained by culture under physiological oxygen conditions. Building on that finding, we inhibited complex III of the mitochondrial respiratory chain using antimycin A or myxothiazol to examine if specifically targeting the mitochondria would have a similar(More)
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a member of the Src-related Tec family of protein tyrosine kinases. Mutations in the btk gene have been linked to severe developmental blocks in human B-cell ontogeny leading to X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Here, we provide unique biochemical and genetic evidence that BTK is an inhibitor of the Fas/APO-1 death-inducing(More)
Ikaros, a zinc finger-containing DNA-binding protein, is required for normal lymphocyte development. Germ-line mutant mice that express only non-DNA binding dominant-negative "leukemogenic" Ikaros isoforms lacking critical NH2-terminal zinc fingers develop an aggressive form of T-cell leukemia. We studied Ikaros gene expression in leukemic cells from 18(More)
PURPOSE We sought to determine if molecular abnormalities involving the Ikaros gene could contribute to the development of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied Ikaros gene expression in normal human bone marrow, normal thymocytes, normal fetal liver-derived immature lymphocyte precursor cell lines, eight(More)
Therapeutic cloning or nuclear transfer for stem cells (NTSC) seeks to overcome immune rejection through the development of embryonic stem cells (ES cells) derived from cloned blastocysts. The successful derivation of a human embryonic stem cell (hESC) line from blastocysts generated by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) provides proof-of-principle for(More)
Ligation of thrombopoietin (TPO) to the platelet c-Mpl receptor induces numerous biochemical pathways in the absence of aggregation. Two forms of recombinant TPO are currently in clinical trials for the treatment of thrombocytopenia. This study focuses on the effects of the full-length recombinant human TPO (rhTPO) on platelets in a whole blood system.(More)