Learn More
Passive immunization with hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) is important to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence after orthotopic liver transplantation for chronic HBV cirrhosis. Hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) dosing regimens have been poorly defined, utilize numerous routes of administration, and result in a high rate of HBV relapse and(More)
With the first demonstration of insulin independence following intraportal islet transplantation into a patient with type 1 diabetes, a new era of clinical islet transplantation will begin. This report provides our initial experience of clinical islet transplantation with a total of nine consecutive portal vein islet transplants in seven diabetic(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) is a significant cause of morbidity after liver transplantation. The aims of this study are to identify and compare risk factors that might contribute to HAT. METHODS A total of 424 liver transplants performed at the University of Virginia were reviewed. HAT was defined as complete disruption of arterial blood(More)
Improved cadaver kidney allograft survival rates, shorter duration of acute tubular necrosis, and a reduction in the incidence of rejection have been achieved using "quadruple sequential therapy"--AZA, prednisone, and antilymphocyte globulin (ALG) induction followed by the delayed addition of CsA. OKT3 has been shown to be effective in preventing and(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTX) in patients retransplanted for severe hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the first allograft has been poor due to high rates of HBV reinfection and even more aggressive disease in the second graft. Recent data suggest that hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIg) given after transplantation can be(More)
PURPOSE To assess the efficacy of acyclovir and intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) for cytomegalovirus (CMV) prophylaxis in high-risk recipients of solid organ transplants. PATIENTS AND METHODS We randomized 21 CMV-seronegative organ transplant recipients with seropositive donors (D+R-) to receive oral acyclovir, 800 mg four times daily, or, in addition(More)
Effective clinical trials of islet transplantation have been limited by the inability to transplant enough viable human islets into patients with type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus to eliminate their exogenous insulin requirement. We report the first type I diabetic patient with an established kidney transplant on basal cyclosporin(More)
Refractory esophageal variceal hemorrhage (EVH) remains a formidable problem in patients awaiting liver transplantations. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) have provided an alternative approach for managing EVH that may obviate the need for portosystemic shunt surgery. Experience with TIPS placement and subsequent successful hepatic(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the utility and potential nephrotoxicity of gadolinium-based contrast angiography when used with carbon dioxide angiography in renal transplant patients with suspected vascular causes of renal insufficiency and/or accelerated hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirteen consecutive renal transplant patients with suspected vascular(More)