Christopher S. D. Lee

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Identification of novel tumor-associated antigens (TAA) capable of eliciting T-cell responses has renewed interest in the development of anti-tumor vaccines. The insertion of genes encoding specific TAA into a vaccinia virus (rVV) is one approach to vaccination since large amounts of foreign DNA can be stably integrated into the poxvirus genome. Recent(More)
Recombinant interleukin-2 (IL-2) has demonstrated antitumor activity and durable clinical responses in patients with metastatic melanoma. Careful screening and selection of appropriate patients has improved the safety profile of IL-2 administration. Gross hematuria would ordinarily preclude the safe delivery of IL-2. We report a case of metastatic melanoma(More)
We report the recent technical improvements in our microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based spectral-domain endoscopic OCT (SDEOCT) and applications for in vivo bladder imaging diagnosis. With the technical advances in MEMS mirror fabrication and endoscopic light coupling methods, the new SDEOCT system is able to visualize morphological details of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the utility and potential limitations of microelectromechanical systems-based spectral-domain cystoscopic optical coherence tomography (COCT) so as to improve the diagnosis of early bladder cancer. METHODS An optical coherence tomography catheter was integrated into the single instrument channel of a 22F cystoscope to permit(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common malignant tumour in men and there are few treatment options available once the tumour becomes refractory to hormonal manipulation. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a secretory glycoprotein that is commonly expressed by prostatic epithelial cells and is found in elevated levels in the serum of men with prostate cancer.(More)
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