Christopher Ricks

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The objectives of this study were 1) to determine how cellular growth of skeletal muscle is altered by the repartitioning agent cimaterol and 2) to determine if cimaterol alters endocrine status in association with its repartitioning effects. Thirty Dorset wether lambs were randomly assigned to a pre-treatment baseline group or received 0 or 10 ppm(More)
The embryonated avian egg is an attractive target for applying technology-based advances to improve poultry production. There are a number of reasons for this. First, the egg is immobile and can be easily accessed by high-speed automated equipment such as the commercial egg injection system used for vaccination of broilers worldwide. Second, due to(More)
More than 80% of the U.S. broiler industry has converted to the in ovo vaccination process for control of Marek's disease. Providing certain criteria are met, including timing and site of vaccine placement, vaccine mixing, machine sanitization, and hatchery management specifications, this has proven to be an efficacious and convenient method of vaccination.(More)
By mid-August 1995, 55% of broiler embryos in North America were vaccinated for Marek's disease using the INOVOJECT system, with 201 INOVOJECT machines placed with 16 of the top 25 poultry producers, providing the industry with the capacity to inject in excess of 400 million eggs per month or about 5 billion eggs per annum. In ovo administration of a bursal(More)
Two experiments were conducted to test the efficacy of a novel infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) vaccine in broiler chickens with maternal IBDV immunity. The IBDV vaccine was formulated by mixing IBDV strain 2512 with bursal disease antibodies (BDA) to produce the IBDV-BDA complex vaccine. In Expt. I, 1-day-old Cobb x Cobb broiler chickens were(More)
Clenbuterol [benzyl alcohol, 4-amino-alpha-(t-butylamino)methyl-3,5-dichloro] was tested in the finisher ration of broilers in three series of experiments for its effects on performance and carcass characteristics. In Experiment 1, administration of clenbuterol at feed levels of .25, .5, 1, 2, and 4 ppm from 28 to 49 days of age resulted in significant sex(More)
Fractional accretion rates of total body 3-methylhistidine containing proteins (actin and myosin) were elevated 40% to 120% in rats fed a high-carbohydrate diet containing 10 or 100 ppm cimaterol for 1 week. Fractional degradation and fractional synthesis rates of these proteins were examined by measuring total body 3-methylhistidine content and urinary(More)
Mitochondria of bovine liver contain acyl CoA synthetases necessary for the uptake of propionate, butyrate, and valerate whereas acetate is bound only weakly. Purification of these enzymes separated a distinct propionyl CoA synthetase highly specific for propionate and acrylate and a butyrate-activating fraction with broad substrate specificity for short(More)