Christopher Ricks

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Two experiments were conducted to test the efficacy of a novel infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) vaccine in broiler chickens with maternal IBDV immunity. The IBDV vaccine was formulated by mixing IBDV strain 2512 with bursal disease antibodies (BDA) to produce the IBDV-BDA complex vaccine. In Expt. I, 1-day-old Cobb x Cobb broiler chickens were(More)
A novel vaccine against infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) has been developed. The new vaccine was constructed by mixing bursal disease antibody (BDA) contained in whole antiserum with live IBDV before lyophilization. To establish various formulations of BDA and IBDV, several BDA doses between 5 units and 80 units of BDA/50 microliters were mixed with(More)
By mid-August 1995, 55% of broiler embryos in North America were vaccinated for Marek's disease using the INOVOJECT system, with 201 INOVOJECT machines placed with 16 of the top 25 poultry producers, providing the industry with the capacity to inject in excess of 400 million eggs per month or about 5 billion eggs per annum. In ovo administration of a bursal(More)
The embryonated avian egg is an attractive target for applying technology-based advances to improve poultry production. There are a number of reasons for this. First, the egg is immobile and can be easily accessed by high-speed automated equipment such as the commercial egg injection system used for vaccination of broilers worldwide. Second, due to(More)
During embryonic development, the components of the avian immune system undergo ontogeny in several distinct organs, including the bone marrow, spleen, thymus, and bursa of Fabricius. This process is regulated and controlled by the complex interactions of various cytokines and colony-stimulating factors (CSF). The objective was to examine the action of two(More)
The objectives of this study were 1) to determine how cellular growth of skeletal muscle is altered by the repartitioning agent cimaterol and 2) to determine if cimaterol alters endocrine status in association with its repartitioning effects. Thirty Dorset wether lambs were randomly assigned to a pre-treatment baseline group or received 0 or 10 ppm(More)
Purification of components of heart mitochondria activating short chain fatty acids prepared from tissue of lactating Holstein cows demonstrated predominantly one acyl CoA synthetase, acetyl CoA synthetase activating acetate, and propionate. Activity of butyryl CoA synthetase was low. Propionyl CoA synthetase characteristically in bovine liver and kidney(More)
Mitochondria of bovine liver contain acyl CoA synthetases necessary for the uptake of propionate, butyrate, and valerate whereas acetate is bound only weakly. Purification of these enzymes separated a distinct propionyl CoA synthetase highly specific for propionate and acrylate and a butyrate-activating fraction with broad substrate specificity for short(More)
Fractional accretion rates of total body 3-methylhistidine containing proteins (actin and myosin) were elevated 40% to 120% in rats fed a high-carbohydrate diet containing 10 or 100 ppm cimaterol for 1 week. Fractional degradation and fractional synthesis rates of these proteins were examined by measuring total body 3-methylhistidine content and urinary(More)