Christopher Richard Parish

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Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells provide selection signals to germinal center B cells, which is essential for long-lived antibody responses. High CXCR5 and low CCR7 expression facilitates their homing to B cell follicles and distinguishes them from T helper 1 (Th1), Th2, and Th17 cells. Here, we showed that Bcl-6 directs Tfh cell differentiation:(More)
Techniques currently available for determining cell division are able to show one or, at best, a limited number of cell divisions. Other methods exist which can quantify overall division, but tell nothing about the division history of individual cells. Here we present a new technique in which an intracellular fluorescent label is divided equally between(More)
Fluorescent dyes are increasingly being exploited to track lymphocyte migration and proliferation. The present paper reviews the properties and performance of some 14 different fluorescent dyes that have been used during the last 20 years to monitor lymphocyte migration. Of the 14 dyes discussed, two stand out as being the most versatile in terms of(More)
The glycolytic phenotype is a widespread phenomenon in solid cancer forms, including breast cancer. Dichloroacetate (DCA) has recently been proposed as a novel and relatively non-toxic anti-cancer agent that can reverse the glycolytic phenotype in cancer cells through the inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase. We have examined the effect of DCA(More)
This protocol outlines the carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) method for following the proliferation of human lymphocytes in vitro and mouse lymphocytes both in vitro and in vivo. The method relies on the ability of CFSE to covalently label long-lived intracellular molecules with the highly fluorescent dye, carboxyfluorescein. Following(More)
The endoglycosidase heparanase is an important in the degradation of the extracellular matrix by invading cells, notably metastatic tumor cells and migrating leukocytes. Here we report the cDNA sequence of the human platelet enzyme, which encodes a unique protein of 543 amino acids, and the identification of highly homologous sequences in activated mouse T(More)
Inhibitors of tumor angiogenesis and metastasis are rapidly emerging as important new drug candidates for cancer therapy. To facilitate the identification of such drugs, we recently developed novel and rapid in vitro assays for human angiogenesis and for the extracellular matrix-degrading enzyme heparanase, which has been implicated in tumor metastasis. In(More)
16 fluorochromes were examined for their ability to label viable lymphocytes in vitro and yield fluorescence detectable by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. Of these fluorochromes, four intracellular dyes were found to be suitable for in vivo migration studies. They were H33342, the well known DNA-binding dye which excites and emits in the UV(More)
Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) is an abundant plasma glycoprotein that has a multidomain structure, interacts with many ligands, and has been shown to regulate a number of important biological processes. HRG ligands include Zn(2+) and haem, tropomyosin, heparin and heparan sulphate, plasminogen, plasmin, fibrinogen, thrombospondin, IgG, FcgammaR and(More)