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We tested the hypothesis that aging decreases endothelium-dependent vasodilation in feed arteries perfusing rat skeletal muscle. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that attenuated vasodilator responses are associated with decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1) expression. Soleus feed arteries (SFA) and(More)
We tested two hypotheses, first that exercise training reverses age-related decrements in endothelium-dependent dilation in soleus muscle feed arteries and second that this improved endothelium-dependent dilation is the result of increased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability due to increased content and phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and/or(More)
We tested the hypothesis that age-related endothelial dysfunction in rat soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA) is mediated in part by NAD(P)H oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS). SFA from young (4 mo) and old (24 mo) Fischer 344 rats were isolated and cannulated for examination of vasodilator responses to flow and acetylcholine (ACh) in the absence or(More)
We tested the hypothesis that short-term increases in intraluminal pressure improve endothelium-dependent dilation and increase endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) expression in senescent soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA). SFA isolated from young (4 mo) and old (24 mo) Fischer 344 rats were cannulated and pressurized at 90 (p90) or 130 (p130)(More)
Our objective was to test the hypothesis that short-term exercise training (STR) of pigs increases endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) of coronary arteries but not coronary arterioles. Female Yucatan miniature swine ran on a treadmill for 1 h, at 3.5 mph, twice daily for 7 days (STR; n = 28). Skeletal muscle citrate synthase activity was increased in STR(More)
We tested the hypothesis that endothelium-dependent dilation in soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA) is impaired by aging due to attenuated nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation. SFA were isolated from young (4 mo) and old (24 mo) male Fischer 344 rats and cannulated with two glass micropipettes for examination of endothelium-dependent [flow or acetylcholine(More)
We tested the hypothesis that increased intraluminal shear stress induces endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) mRNA expression and improves endothelium-dependent dilation in senescent soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA) by increasing NO production. SFA were isolated from young (4 mo) and old (24 mo) male Fischer 344 rats and cannulated with two(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the content of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein (eNOS protein/g total artery protein) increases with decreasing artery diameter in the coronary arterial tree. Content of eNOS protein was determined in porcine coronary arteries with immunoblot analysis. Arteries were isolated in six(More)
Approximately 40% of patients with type 2 diabetes present with concurrent hypertension at the time of diabetes diagnosis. Increases in peripheral vascular resistance and correspondingly enhanced vasoconstrictor capacity could have profound implications for the development of hypertension and the progression of insulin resistance to overt diabetes. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a method by which endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) mRNA expression could be measured in single coronary resistance arteries and to test the hypothesis that ecNOS gene expression is upregulated by exercise training. Yucatan miniature swine were randomly assigned to exercise-trained (ET; n = 5) or(More)