Christopher R. Woodman

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We tested the hypothesis that aging decreases endothelium-dependent vasodilation in feed arteries perfusing rat skeletal muscle. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that attenuated vasodilator responses are associated with decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1) expression. Soleus feed arteries (SFA) and(More)
We tested two hypotheses, first that exercise training reverses age-related decrements in endothelium-dependent dilation in soleus muscle feed arteries and second that this improved endothelium-dependent dilation is the result of increased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability due to increased content and phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and/or(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the content of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein (eNOS protein/g total artery protein) increases with decreasing artery diameter in the coronary arterial tree. Content of eNOS protein was determined in porcine coronary arteries with immunoblot analysis. Arteries were isolated in six(More)
Exercise training produces enhanced nitric oxide (NO)-dependent, endothelium-mediated vasodilator responses of porcine coronary arterioles but not conduit coronary arteries. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training increases the amount of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in the coronary arterial microcirculation but not in(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a method by which endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) mRNA expression could be measured in single coronary resistance arteries and to test the hypothesis that ecNOS gene expression is upregulated by exercise training. Yucatan miniature swine were randomly assigned to exercise-trained (ET; n = 5) or(More)
We tested the hypothesis that age-related endothelial dysfunction in rat soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA) is mediated in part by NAD(P)H oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS). SFA from young (4 mo) and old (24 mo) Fischer 344 rats were isolated and cannulated for examination of vasodilator responses to flow and acetylcholine (ACh) in the absence or(More)
We tested the hypothesis that endothelium-dependent dilation in soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA) is impaired by aging due to attenuated nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation. SFA were isolated from young (4 mo) and old (24 mo) male Fischer 344 rats and cannulated with two glass micropipettes for examination of endothelium-dependent [flow or acetylcholine(More)
Coronary arterioles of exercise-trained (EX) pigs have enhanced nitric oxide (NO.)-dependent dilation. Evidence suggests that the biological half-life of NO. depends in part on the management of the superoxide anion. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that expression of cytosolic copper/zinc-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD)-1 is(More)
We tested the hypothesis that short-term increases in intraluminal pressure improve endothelium-dependent dilation and increase endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) expression in senescent soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA). SFA isolated from young (4 mo) and old (24 mo) Fischer 344 rats were cannulated and pressurized at 90 (p90) or 130 (p130)(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that interval sprint training (IST) selectively increases endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase and/or superoxide dismutase-1 protein content in arteries and/or arterioles that perfuse the white portion of rat gastrocnemius muscle (WG). Male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)