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We tested the hypothesis that aging decreases endothelium-dependent vasodilation in feed arteries perfusing rat skeletal muscle. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that attenuated vasodilator responses are associated with decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1) expression. Soleus feed arteries (SFA) and(More)
We tested two hypotheses, first that exercise training reverses age-related decrements in endothelium-dependent dilation in soleus muscle feed arteries and second that this improved endothelium-dependent dilation is the result of increased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability due to increased content and phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and/or(More)
Approximately 40% of patients with type 2 diabetes present with concurrent hypertension at the time of diabetes diagnosis. Increases in peripheral vascular resistance and correspondingly enhanced vasoconstrictor capacity could have profound implications for the development of hypertension and the progression of insulin resistance to overt diabetes. The(More)
We tested the hypothesis that exercise training (Ex) attenuates hypercholesterolemia-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) in male porcine coronary arteries [left anterior descending coronary arteries (LAD)] by increasing nitric oxide (NO) release [due to increased endothelial NO synthase (NOS) expression] and/or increased bioactivity(More)
Exercise training produces enhanced nitric oxide (NO)-dependent, endothelium-mediated vasodilator responses of porcine coronary arterioles but not conduit coronary arteries. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training increases the amount of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in the coronary arterial microcirculation but not in(More)
Coronary arterioles of exercise-trained (EX) pigs have enhanced nitric oxide (NO.)-dependent dilation. Evidence suggests that the biological half-life of NO. depends in part on the management of the superoxide anion. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that expression of cytosolic copper/zinc-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD)-1 is(More)
We tested the hypothesis that impaired nitric oxide (NO)-mediated, endothelium-dependent dilation in aged soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA) is due to an age-related decline in the potential for PI3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)-dependent phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) on serine residue 1177 (p-eNOSser1177). SFA from young (4(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that interval sprint training (IST) selectively increases endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase and/or superoxide dismutase-1 protein content in arteries and/or arterioles that perfuse the white portion of rat gastrocnemius muscle (WG). Male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
Our knowledge of the effects of unweighting on skeletal muscle of juvenile rapidly growing rats has been obtained entirely by using hindlimb-suspension models. No spaceflight data on juvenile animals are available to validate these models of simulated weightlessness. Therefore, eight 26-day-old female Sprague-Dawley albino rats were exposed to 5.4 days of(More)
We tested the hypothesis that exercise training (Ex) attenuates the effects of hyperlipidemia on endothelial function by enhancing NO-mediated vasorelaxation in porcine brachial (Br) arteries. Adult female pigs were fed a normal-fat (NF) or high-fat (HF) diet for 20 wk. Four weeks after initiation of the diet, pigs underwent Ex or remained sedentary (Sed)(More)