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We tested the hypothesis that aging decreases endothelium-dependent vasodilation in feed arteries perfusing rat skeletal muscle. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that attenuated vasodilator responses are associated with decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1) expression. Soleus feed arteries (SFA) and(More)
We tested two hypotheses, first that exercise training reverses age-related decrements in endothelium-dependent dilation in soleus muscle feed arteries and second that this improved endothelium-dependent dilation is the result of increased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability due to increased content and phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and/or(More)
Coronary arterioles of exercise-trained (EX) pigs have enhanced nitric oxide (NO.)-dependent dilation. Evidence suggests that the biological half-life of NO. depends in part on the management of the superoxide anion. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that expression of cytosolic copper/zinc-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD)-1 is(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a method by which endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) mRNA expression could be measured in single coronary resistance arteries and to test the hypothesis that ecNOS gene expression is upregulated by exercise training. Yucatan miniature swine were randomly assigned to exercise-trained (ET; n = 5) or(More)
Exercise training produces enhanced nitric oxide (NO)-dependent, endothelium-mediated vasodilator responses of porcine coronary arterioles but not conduit coronary arteries. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training increases the amount of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in the coronary arterial microcirculation but not in(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that increased flow through coronary arterioles increases endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) and Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) mRNA expression. Single porcine coronary arterioles (ID 100-160 micrometers; pressurized) were cannulated, perfused, and exposed to intraluminal flow sufficient to(More)
We tested the hypothesis that hindlimb unweighting (HLU) and the associated reduction in soleus muscle blood flow causes decreased expression of endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) mRNA and protein and attenuated endothelium-dependent vasodilator responses in rat soleus feed arteries (SFA). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to HLU (n = 12) or(More)
We tested the hypothesis that age-related endothelial dysfunction in rat soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA) is mediated in part by NAD(P)H oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS). SFA from young (4 mo) and old (24 mo) Fischer 344 rats were isolated and cannulated for examination of vasodilator responses to flow and acetylcholine (ACh) in the absence or(More)
Our objective was to test the hypothesis that short-term exercise training (STR) of pigs increases endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) of coronary arteries but not coronary arterioles. Female Yucatan miniature swine ran on a treadmill for 1 h, at 3.5 mph, twice daily for 7 days (STR; n = 28). Skeletal muscle citrate synthase activity was increased in STR(More)
We tested the hypothesis that short-term increases in intraluminal pressure improve endothelium-dependent dilation and increase endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) expression in senescent soleus muscle feed arteries (SFA). SFA isolated from young (4 mo) and old (24 mo) Fischer 344 rats were cannulated and pressurized at 90 (p90) or 130 (p130)(More)