Christopher R. Robinson

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BACKGROUND Familial adenomatous polyposis is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the formation of hundreds of colorectal adenomas and eventual colorectal cancer. Administration of the nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug sulindac has been followed by regression of polyps in patients with this disorder, but no controlled trial of this drug in(More)
Spinal microglia are widely recognized as activated by and contributing to the generation and maintenance of inflammatory and nerve injury related chronic pain; whereas the role of spinal astrocytes has received much less attention, despite being the first glial cells identified as activated following peripheral nerve injury. Recently it was suggested that(More)
Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in colorectal mucosa are proposed to be the earliest morphological lesion in the development of neoplasia, but their characteristics remain controversial. We therefore studied the epithelial phenotype and genotype of ACF from patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and of sporadic ACF by evaluating glycoprotein markers(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and long-term disability. Following the initial insult, severe TBI progresses to a secondary injury phase associated with biochemical and cellular changes. The secondary injury is thought to be responsible for the development of many of the neurological deficits observed after TBI and also provides a(More)
We have searched for the presence of genetic alterations in serum DNA obtained from 44 colorectal cancer patients. Microsatellite analysis using highly polymorphic markers revealed loss of heterozygosity and/or microsatellite instability in 35 of 44 (80%) primary tumors. No alterations were detected in the paired serum DNA. We next used an(More)
Recent studies indicate that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have a chemopreventive effect against colorectal neoplasia. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibit cyclooxygenases, principal enzymes that mediate the formation of prostanoids. To determine whether prostanoids are involved in the pathogenesis of colorectal adenomas, we compared the(More)
Allelic loss of chromosome 18q has been noted in intestinal type gastric adenocarcinomas. Smad4 is a gene located at 18q that was recently cloned in humans and found to be significantly altered in pancreatic cancers. We sought to determine whether Smad4 genetic alterations played a significant role in gastric tumorigenesis by studying 35 gastric(More)
Recent evidence suggests that nonsteroidalantiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may prevent colorectalcancer. The mechanism of action of NSAIDs inchemoprevention is unknown but may be linked to theireffect on mucosal prostaglandin levels. Levels of fivemajor prostaglandin metabolites were measured by gaschromatography-mass spectrometry in biopsy specimens offlat(More)
There is increasing evidence implicating astrocytes in multiple forms of chronic pain, as well as in the specific context of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). However, it is still unclear what the exact role of astrocytes may be in the context of CIPN. Findings in oxaliplatin and paclitaxel models have displayed altered expression of(More)