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The glycolytic phenotype is a widespread phenomenon in solid cancer forms, including breast cancer. Dichloroacetate (DCA) has recently been proposed as a novel and relatively non-toxic anti-cancer agent that can reverse the glycolytic phenotype in cancer cells through the inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase. We have examined the effect of DCA(More)
The role of the immune system in the surveillance of transformed cells has seen a resurgence of interest in the last 10 years, with a substantial body of data in mice and humans supporting a role for the immune system in host protection from tumor development and in shaping tumor immunogenicity. A number of earlier studies have demonstrated that(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS This study examined whether the capsule which encases islets of Langerhans in the NOD mouse pancreas represents a specialised extracellular matrix (ECM) or basement membrane that protects islets from autoimmune attack. METHODS Immunofluorescence microscopy using a panel of antibodies to collagens type IV, laminins, nidogens and perlecan(More)
NKp30 (NCR3, CD337) is a natural cytotoxicity receptor, expressed on subsets of human peripheral blood NK cells, involved in NK cell killing of tumor cells and immature dendritic cells. The cellular ligand for NKp30 has remained elusive, although evidence that membrane-associated heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans are involved in the recognition of cellular(More)
Using experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in the rat as a model of central nervous system (CNS) inflammation, activated and quiescent T lymphocytes with different antigen specificities were labelled with the fluorescent dye Hoechst 33342 and tested by fluorescence microscopy for their ability to accumulate in different regions of the spinal cord(More)
Inhibitors of tumor angiogenesis and metastasis are rapidly emerging as important new drug candidates for cancer therapy. To facilitate the identification of such drugs, we recently developed novel and rapid in vitro assays for human angiogenesis and for the extracellular matrix-degrading enzyme heparanase, which has been implicated in tumor metastasis. In(More)
There is evidence that the classical complement pathway may be activated via a "C1-tickover" mechanism, analogous to the C3-tickover of the alternative pathway. We have quantitated and characterized this pathway of complement activation. Analysis of freshly collected mouse and human plasma revealed that spontaneous C3 activation rapidly occurred with the(More)
The prometastatic role of platelets has long been recognized with proposed mechanisms of action including shielding tumor cells from natural killer (NK) cell destruction and aiding endothelial attachment and extravasation of tumor cells with platelet P-selectin being implicated in these processes. However, many aspects of the prometastatic function of(More)
Currently most attempts at cancer immunotherapy involve the generation of CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) against tumor-associated antigens. Many tumors, however, have been immunoselected to evade recognition by CTLs and thus alternative approaches to cancer immunotherapy are urgently needed. Here we demonstrate that CD4(+) T cells that recognize a(More)
Hematopoiesis is regulated by two sets of signals, those generated by cytokines and those generated when precursor cells interact with bone marrow (BM) stroma. The intimate contact between precursors and stroma appears to be mediated by multiple, different receptor-ligand binding events. To identify receptor-ligand pairs mediating the adhesion of(More)