Christopher R. Lopez

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Previously, we found that the quorum sensing transcription factor SdiA up-regulates AcrAB. Others found that a 4-quinolone was a quorum-sensing signal in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In Escherichia coli, there are at least three multidrug transporters (AcrAB/TolC, MdfA, and NorE) that exude fluoroquinolones. Here, we show that DeltaacrAB, tolC210, or DeltanorE(More)
The physiological role of topoisomerase III is unclear for any organism. We show here that the removal of topoisomerase III in temperature sensitive topoisomerase IV mutants in Escherichia coli results in inviability at the permissive temperature. The removal of topoisomerase III has no effect on the accumulation of catenated intermediates of DNA(More)
G-quadruplex or G4 DNA is a non-B secondary DNA structure consisting of a stacked array of guanine-quartets that can disrupt critical cellular functions such as replication and transcription. When sequences that can adopt Non-B structures including G4 DNA are located within actively transcribed genes, the reshaping of DNA topology necessary for(More)
The Ku70-Ku80 ring complex encloses DNA ends to facilitate telomere maintenance and DNA break repair. Many studies focus on the ring-forming regions of subunits Ku70 and Ku80. Less is known about the Ku70 C-terminal tail, which lies outside the ring. Our results suggest that this region is responsible for dynamic sumoylation of Yku70 upon DNA association in(More)
The Ku heterodimer associates with the Saccharomyces cerevisiae telomere, where it impacts several aspects of telomere structure and function. Although Ku avidly binds DNA ends via a preformed channel, its ability to associate with telomeres via this mechanism could be challenged by factors known to bind directly to the chromosome terminus. This has led to(More)
Abasic or AP sites generated by spontaneous DNA damage accumulate at a higher rate in actively transcribed regions of the genome in S. cerevisiae and are primarily repaired by base excision repair (BER) pathway. We have demonstrated that transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway can functionally replace BER to repair those AP sites(More)
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