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It is unknown when life first appeared on Earth. The earliest known microfossils (approximately 3,500 Myr before present) are structurally complex, and if it is assumed that the associated organisms required a long time to develop this degree of complexity, then the existence of life much earlier than this can be argued. But the known examples of crustal(More)
We report the influence of photonic stopgaps on two-photon excited emission from highly efficient nonlinear chromophores infiltrated into high-quality photonic crystals. We have observed a sharp decrease (filter effect) in emission within the frequency range and direction of the stopgap as well as sharp enhancement of the two-photon excited emission(More)
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