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Neural tube defects (NTD) are one of the most common birth defects and are caused by both environmental and genetic factors. The approach to identifying the genes predisposing to NTD, through linkage analysis and candidate gene analysis, is reviewed along with characteristics of a large, nationally ascertained cohort of families. Results from specific(More)
Previous studies have suggested that dopamine may have an important role as an inhibitor of aldosterone secretion in humans. Recent studies have also suggested that the adrenergic nervous system may have an important role in controlling aldosterone secretion. The present study investigated the effects of dopamine on aldosterone secretion in response to(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor, a hypophyseo-tropic hormone that stimulates adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion, has recently been isolated, characterized, and synthesized in the sheep and rat. We report on a patient with metastatic carcinoma of the prostate presenting with anterior and posterior pituitary hormone deficiency together with(More)
The endogenous opiate system is thought to be associated with the regulation of food intake and body weight. Opiate antagonists decrease food intake in animals, but there are no controlled studies in obese man to evaluate body weight response to naltrexone. Sixty obese people were randomized into three groups and given 0, 50, or 100 mg of the opiate(More)
To investigate the influence of calcium ions on the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones in response to stimulation by exogenous hypothalmic releasing factors in man, we measured serum concentrations of pituitary hormones serially during a continuous infusion of combined TRH (2 micrograms/min) and GnRH (1 microgram/min), with concomitant iv saline or(More)
A 46-year-old woman presented with an advanced unresectable esthesioneuroblastoma which failed to respond to radiation therapy and one course of chemotherapy. She underwent treatment with high-dose chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vinblastine) followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation. The major toxicity from the regimen was severe(More)
Neural tube defects are a common, complex disorder with genetic and environmental components to risk. We investigated the previously reported interaction between homozygosity for the thermolabile variant at the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase and heterozygosity for the 844ins68 allele at the cystathionine beta-synthase loci in cases with lumbosacral(More)
We have tested the influence of a new calcium ion channel antagonist, diltiazem, on hypothalamic releasing hormone-stimulated secretion of LH and other anterior pituitary hormones in man. To this end, six normal men received a continuous infusion of GnRH (1 microgram/min) and TRH (2 micrograms/min) for 3 h under three different experimental conditions: 1)(More)
We investigated the influence of calcium ions on the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones basally and in response to exogenous hypothalamic releasing factors in 6 men with pituitary tumors. To this end, concentrations of LH, FSH, TSH, growth hormone and prolactin were measured in blood collected at 10-min intervals basally and during a continuous(More)
Studies have shown that dopamine inhibits angiotensin II (AII)-induced aldosterone secretion in bovine adrenal cells in vitro, but does not alter aldosterone responses to AII in sodium-replete normal humans. We investigated six normal men with plasma cortisol concentrations less than 2 micrograms/dl during oral administration of dexamethasone 0.5 mg every 6(More)