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Neural tube defects (NTD) are one of the most common birth defects and are caused by both environmental and genetic factors. The approach to identifying the genes predisposing to NTD, through linkage analysis and candidate gene analysis, is reviewed along with characteristics of a large, nationally ascertained cohort of families. Results from specific(More)
The endogenous opiate system is thought to be associated with the regulation of food intake and body weight. Opiate antagonists decrease food intake in animals, but there are no controlled studies in obese man to evaluate body weight response to naltrexone. Sixty obese people were randomized into three groups and given 0, 50, or 100 mg of the opiate(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor, a hypophyseo-tropic hormone that stimulates adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion, has recently been isolated, characterized, and synthesized in the sheep and rat. We report on a patient with metastatic carcinoma of the prostate presenting with anterior and posterior pituitary hormone deficiency together with(More)
To investigate the influence of calcium ions on the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones in response to stimulation by exogenous hypothalmic releasing factors in man, we measured serum concentrations of pituitary hormones serially during a continuous infusion of combined TRH (2 micrograms/min) and GnRH (1 microgram/min), with concomitant iv saline or(More)
Neural tube defects are a common, complex disorder with genetic and environmental components to risk. We investigated the previously reported interaction between homozygosity for the thermolabile variant at the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase and heterozygosity for the 844ins68 allele at the cystathionine beta-synthase loci in cases with lumbosacral(More)
We investigated the influence of calcium ions on the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones basally and in response to exogenous hypothalamic releasing factors in 6 men with pituitary tumors. To this end, concentrations of LH, FSH, TSH, growth hormone and prolactin were measured in blood collected at 10-min intervals basally and during a continuous(More)
To assess the influence of the sampling rate on the quantitative characterization of pulsatile luteinizing hormone (LH) release, we withdrew blood at 4-min intervals for 8 h in five men and at 1-min intervals for 2 h in six other men. For comparative purposes, significant LH pulses were enumerated by three independent, computerized pulse-detection(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that dopamine inhibits the aldosterone response to angiotensin II in the sodium deplete state in man, but not in the normal sodium balance state. In this study we investigated nine normal male volunteers in balance at 10 mEq sodium intake to determine whether the inhibitory effect of dopamine is selective for angiotensin(More)
The early detection of many human diseases is crucial if they are to be treated successfully. Therefore, the development of imaging techniques that can facilitate early detection of disease is of high importance. Changes in the levels of enzyme expression are known to occur in many diseases, making their accurate detection at low concentrations an area of(More)
Nonviral gene therapy continues to require novel synthetic vectors to deliver therapeutic nucleic acids effectively and safely. The majority of synthetic nonviral vectors employed in clinical trials to date have been cationic liposomes; however, cationic polymers are attracting increasing attention. One of the few cationic polymers to enter clinical trials(More)