Christopher R Boyer

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Tumor cell resistance to fluoropyrimidines and other inhibitors of thymidylate synthase (TS) is a serious problem often associated with increased intracellular TS. Clinically, another problem that arises from the use of TS inhibitors is toxicity, which develops, in part, because normal cells may be adversely affected by doses of inhibitor that do not impact(More)
The in vivo administration of enzyme-inhibiting drugs for cancer and infectious disease often results in overexpression of the targeted enzyme. We have developed an enzyme-catalyzed therapeutic agent (ECTA) approach in which an enzyme overexpressed within the resistant cells is recruited as an intracellular catalyst for converting a relatively non-toxic(More)
NB1011, a novel anticancer agent, targets tumor cells expressing high levels of thymidylate synthase (TS). NB1011 is converted intracellularly to bromovinyldeoxyuridine monophosphate (BVdUMP) which competes with the natural substrate, deoxyuridine monophosphate, for binding to TS. Unlike inhibitors, NB1011 becomes a reversible substrate for TS catalysis.(More)
NB1011, a phosphoramidate derivative of (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine, is a novel small molecule anticancer agent. NB1011 is selectively active against tumor cells expressing high levels of thymidylate synthase (TS), a critical enzyme in DNA biosynthesis. NB1011 is different from the current TS-targeted drugs, which require inhibition of TS to be(More)
Several N-3 substituted carboranyl Thd analogs were synthesized. These agents as well as some non-boronated nucleosides were evaluated in phosphoryl transfer assays with recombinant human TK1 and TK2. For some carboranyl thymidine analogs, TK1 phosphorylation rates approached 38% that of thymidine. Their in vitro cytotoxicty appeared to correlate with the(More)
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