Christopher Parks

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Brain serotonin (5-HT) has been implicated in a number of physiological processes and pathological conditions. These effects are mediated by at least 14 different 5-HT receptors. We have inactivated the gene encoding the 5-HT1A receptor in mice and found that receptor-deficient animals have an increased tendency to avoid a novel and fearful environment and(More)
The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-causing lentiviruses human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) effectively evade host immunity and, once established, infections with these viruses are only rarely controlled by immunological mechanisms. However, the initial establishment of infection in the first few days after(More)
The structure and function of the 5'-flanking region of the mouse and human serotonin 1a receptor gene have been analyzed by RNA 5' end mapping, DNA-protein interaction, and transient expression assays. A large number of mRNA 5' termini, detected by mapping 5' ends from mouse brain RNA, were found dispersed over a region of about 700 base pairs flanking the(More)
The paramyxovirus template for transcription and genome replication consists of the RNA genome encapsidated by the nucleocapsid protein (N protein). The activity of the complex, consisting of viral polymerase plus template, can be measured with minireplicons in which the genomic coding sequence is replaced by chloramphenical acetyltransferase (CAT)(More)
Measles virus V protein is a Cys-rich polypeptide that is dispensable for virus propagation in continuous cell lines, but necessary for efficient viral replication in animals. Those functions modulating virus propagation in vivo are not understood completely, although V protein is known to interfere with the host interferon response and control of viral(More)
Recovery of recombinant, negative-strand, nonsegmented RNA viruses from a genomic cDNA clone requires a rescue system that promotes de novo assembly of a functional ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex in the cell cytoplasm. This is accomplished typically by cotransfecting permissive cells with multiple plasmids that encode the positive-sense genomic RNA, the(More)
The noncoding sequence of five Edmonston vaccine viruses (AIK-C, Moraten, Rubeovax, Schwarz, and Zagreb) and those of a low-passage Edmonston wild-type (wt) measles virus have been determined and compared. Twenty-one nucleotide positions were identified at which Edmonston wt and one or more vaccine strains differed. The location of some of these nucleotide(More)
Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) PG9 and PG16 were isolated from an International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) Protocol G subject infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) clade A. Both antibodies are highly potent and neutralize greater than 70% of viruses tested. We sought to begin immunogen design based on viral sequences from(More)
Ultrasound has been used to assess residual urine in children and found to have considerable advantages over other methods. Using a B-mode scan in the sagittal plane the presence or absence of residual urine can be confidently determined. Quantitative measurements of volume are subject to considerable error but semi-quantitative information in individual(More)
Protein-encoding nucleotide sequences of the N, P, M, F, H, and L genes were determined for a low-passage isolate of the Edmonston wild-type (wt) measles virus and five Edmonston-derived vaccine virus strains, including AIK-C, Moraten, Schwarz, Rubeovax, and Zagreb. Comparative analysis demonstrated a high degree of nucleotide sequence homology; vaccine(More)