Christopher P. Shields

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Recent reports of art increased prevalence of dental fluoro-sis in fluoridated and nonfluoridated communities have led to a reassessment of the amount offluoride (F) being ingested infants and young children. Manufacturers of milk-based formulas have taken steps to reduce the F concentration to negligible levels. Reduction of F concentration in soy-based(More)
INTRODUCTION Accidents and assaults (homicides) are the leading causes of death among the youth of the United States, accounting for 53.3% of deaths among children aged 1 to19 years. Victim recidivism, defined as repeated visits to the emergency department (ED) as a victim of violent trauma, is a significantly growing public health problem. As 5-year(More)
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