Christopher P. Shelburne

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Palpable swelling of regional lymph nodes is a common sequela of microbial infections but the mechanism responsible for the sequestration and subsequent coordination of lymphocyte responses within these dynamic structures remains poorly understood. Here we show that draining lymph nodes of mast cell-deficient mice did not demonstrate swelling after(More)
Mast cells (MCs) have recently received recognition as prominent effectors in the regulation of immune cell migration to draining lymph nodes and lymphocyte activation. However, their role in the development of humoral immune responses is not clear. Here, we demonstrate that subcutaneous or nasal administration of small-molecule MC activators with vaccine(More)
Mast cell activation by IgE-mediated stimuli is a central event in atopic disease. The regulation of the mast cell high affinity receptor, Fc epsilonRI, is poorly understood. We show that IL-4 can inhibit Fc epsilonRI expression on mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells and fetal liver-derived mast cell progenitors. This effect could be observed at 2.5 ng/ml(More)
Mast cells (MCs) are best known for eliciting harmful reactions, mostly after primary immunity has been established. Here, we report that, during footpad infection with E. coli in MC-deficient mice, as compared to their MC-sufficient counterparts, the serum antibody response is significantly diminished and less protective following passive immunization in a(More)
Interleukin-3 (IL-3) and stem cell factor (SCF) are important mast cell growth and differentiation factors. Since both cytokines activate the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (Stat5), a known regulator of proliferation and survival, we investigated the effects of Stat5 deficiency on mast cell development and survival.(More)
The c-kit protooncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase that is known to play a critical role in hemopoiesis and is essential for mast cell growth, differentiation, and cytokine production. Studies have shown that the Th2 cytokine IL-4 can down-regulate Kit expression on human and murine mast cells, but the mechanism of this down-regulation has remained(More)
FcepsilonRI expression and function is a central aspect of allergic disease. Using bone marrow-derived mouse mast cell populations, we have previously shown that the Th2 cytokine IL-4 inhibits FcepsilonRI expression and function. In the current study we show that the Th2 cytokine IL-10 has similar regulatory properties, and that it augments the inhibitory(More)
Homeostatic mechanisms regulating mast cell numbers and function in peripheral tissues have largely focused on cytokines, such as stem cell factor, interleukin (IL)-3, IL-4, and IL-10, which regulate mast cell maintenance and proliferation. Despite these advances, little attention has been paid to the mechanisms that mediate mature mast cell turnover, and(More)
We evaluated the safety and efficacy of the mast cell activator compound 48/80 (C48/80) when used as an adjuvant delivered intradermally (ID) with recombinant anthrax protective antigen (rPA) in comparison with two well-known adjuvants. Mice were vaccinated in the ear pinnae with rPA or rPA+C48/80, CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG), or cholera toxin (CT). All(More)
Mast cells are found in connective and mucosal tissues throughout the body. Their activation via immunoglobulin E (IgE)-antigen interactions is promoted by T helper cell type 2 (Th2) cytokines and leads to the sequelae of allergic disease. We now report a mechanism by which Th2 cytokines can regulate mast cell survival. Specifically, we find that(More)