Christopher O. Anjili

Learn More
Phlebotomus (Larroussius) orientalis (Diptera: Psychodidae) as a probable secondary vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Kenya According to the World Health Organization's reports, leishmaniases in humans are caused by 20 species of protozoa, belonging to the genus Leish-mania 1. The parasites are transmitted by the bite of a female tiny, 2–3 mm long insect(More)
Despite advances to targeted leishmanicidal chemotherapy, defies around severe toxicity, recent emergence of resistant variants and absence of rational vaccine still persist. This necessitates search and/or progressive validation of accessible medicinal remedies including plant based. The study examined both in vivo and in vitro response of L. major(More)
Most natural host populations are exposed to a diversity of parasite communities and co-infection of hosts by multiple parasites is commonplace across a diverse range of systems. Co-infection with Leishmania major and Schistosoma mansoni may have important consequences for disease development, severity and transmission dynamics. Pentavalent antimonials and(More)
Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniases are endemic in some parts of Kenya, where they are transmitted by phlebobotomine sandflies of genus Phlebotomus. This review is a compilation of the currently known distribution of phlebotomine sandflies in the parts of Kenya that have been studied, from the time sandflies were first reported in the country. So far 48(More)
OBJECTIVES Solanum acueastrum Dunal. has been shown to have some chemotherapeutic value. Leaf and berry water and methanol compounds of S. acueastrum were evaluated for possible antileishmanial activity In vivo on BALB/c mice and in vitro against Leishmania major promastigotes, amastigotes and vero cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Dry S. aculeastrum berry and(More)
The ability of antibodies in bloodmeals of mice and hamsters immunized with Leishmania major subcellular fractions and sandfly (Phlebotomus duboscqi) gut antigens to inhibit development of L. major in its vector P. duboscqi was examined. Antibodies from animals immunized with either L. major subcellular fractions alone or sandfly gut antigen alone were not(More)
  • 1