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Tumor cells metastasize to distant organs through genetic and epigenetic alterations, including changes in microRNA (miR) expression. Here we find miR-22 triggers epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), enhances invasiveness and promotes metastasis in mouse xenografts. In a conditional mammary gland-specific transgenic (TG) mouse model, we show that miR-22(More)
PURPOSE We describe a novel technique of laparoscopic renal hypothermia with intracorporeal ice slush during partial nephrectomy as well as clinical experience with the initial 12 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 12 select patients with an infiltrating renal tumor who were candidates for nephron sparing surgery underwent transperitoneal(More)
PURPOSE We analyzed complications of the initial 200 cases treated with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for a suspected renal tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS Since August 1999, 200 consecutive patients have undergone laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Mean patient age was 61.6 years, mean body mass index was 29.9 and mean tumor size was 2.9 cm (range 1 to(More)
PURPOSE Patients with cystinuria frequently have recurrent renal calculi and may subsequently require multiple stone removing procedures during their lifetime which could have an impact on overall renal function. We determined the potential impact of cystinuria and cystine stone formation on the level of renal function compared to calcium oxalate stone(More)
Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a defect in intestinal and renal tubular transport of dibasic amino acids which results in excessive urinary excretion of cystine. Because of the relative insolubility of cystine in urine, patients with this condition are prone to recurrent stone formation. Medical therapy aims both to decrease(More)
PURPOSE Tissue engineering has been used for bladder augmentations with small intestinal submucosa (SIS). Although favorable short-term outcomes have been reported, long-term followup has been poor. We investigate whether tissue engineering with stem cells improves the morphological and genetic composition. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 33 Lewis rats(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe our preferred method of right laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (LDN) using a retroperitoneoscopic approach to determine the indications for, and overall rate of, right LDN and to compare the donor and recipient early outcomes of right retroperitoneal LDN to those of left transperitoneal LDN in a consecutive single-institution(More)
UNLABELLED The phosphatases PTEN and INPP4B have been proposed to act as tumor suppressors by antagonizing PI3K-AKT signaling and are frequently dysregulated in human cancer. Although PTEN has been extensively studied, little is known about the underlying mechanisms by which INPP4B exerts its tumor-suppressive function and its role in tumorigenesis in vivo.(More)
Malignant schwannoma (malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour, MPNST) is a high grade sarcoma with a potential for local recurrence and distant metastasis that may occur at any site in the body where there is neural tissue. MPNST is rare in children and is unreported in the stomach in the paediatric age group. MPNST presents either as an expanding mass,(More)
PURPOSE We report on a prospective randomized comparison of transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between June 1999 and June 2001, 102 consecutive eligible patients with a computerized tomography identified renal tumor were prospectively randomized to undergo either a transperitoneal(More)