RATIONALE Differences in 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) function have been the subject of extensive research in psychiatric studies. Many studies have manipulated L -tryptophan (Trp) levels to temporarily decrease (depletion) or increase (loading) 5-HT synthesis. While most researchers have used a 100-g formulation, there has been ongoing interest in using… (More)
A simple, rapid isocratic liquid chromatographic procedure with ultraviolet and fluorimetric detection is described for the separation and quantification of L-tryptophan (Trp) and six of its kynurenine metabolites (kynurenine, 3-hydroxykynurenine, and 3-hydroxyanthranilic, kynurenic, xanthurenic and anthranilic acids). Using the Perkin Elmer LC 200 system,… (More)
Training and education of health workers remains an indispensable part of good health development in resource-poor settings. Many past training programs have failed to achieve significant gains in health outcomes because of poor selection of participants, inadequate methodology, and/or the influence of external factors in the health system or social… (More)
We assessed the serotonin status of patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Tryptophan (Trp) availability to the brain, expressed as the ratio of concentration of serum Trp to the sum of those of its five competitors (CAA), and other parameters of Trp disposition were compared in 23 patients with the CFS and 42 healthy controls. The serum [free… (More)
A middle age man presented with disorientation and memory impairment due to bilateral hippocampal strokes secondary to cocaine use. This is the second report of cocaine induced hippocampi ischaemic strokes. In contrast to the previous report, this middle age man did not have cardiac arrest.
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that increasing male involvement in maternal and newborn health (MNH) may improve MNH outcomes. However, male involvement is difficult to measure, and further research is necessary to understand the barriers and enablers for men to engage in MNH, and to define target groups for interventions. Using data from a peri-urban… (More)
RATIONALE It is not known whether dopamine agonist-induced disruption of prepulse inhibition (PPI) can be conditioned to the environment, a phenomenon established for dopamine agonist-induced locomotor activation and other behaviors. Furthermore, the literature is contradictory regarding whether PPI disruption, like locomotor activity, can become sensitized… (More)
C hina is undergoing a technological sea change in the late 1990s, and the effects will be felt far into the new millennium. The country will play a major role—perhaps the major role—in the computer-dominated world of the next century. Key to that role will be the availability of information. For today's IT professional in China, there is no more pressing… (More)