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In many regions of the developing CNS, distinct cell types are born at different times. The means by which discrete and stereotyped temporal switches in cellular identities are acquired remains poorly understood. To address this, we have examined how visceral motor neurons (VMNs) and serotonergic neurons, two neuronal subtypes, are sequentially generated(More)
Monoaminergic neurons include the physiologically important central serotonergic and noradrenergic subtypes. Here, we identify the zinc-finger transcription factor, Insm1, as a crucial mediator of the differentiation of both subtypes, and in particular the acquisition of their neurotransmitter phenotype. Insm1 is expressed in hindbrain progenitors of(More)
The in vitro effects of phenylalanine and some of its metabolites on ATP diphosphohydrolase (apyrase, EC activity in synaptosomes from rat cerebral cortex were investigated. The enzyme activity in synaptosomes from rats subjected to experimental hyperphenylalaninemia (alpha-methylphenylalanine plus phenylalanine) was also studied. In the in vitro(More)
Cell diversity and organization in the neural tube depend on the integration of extrinsic signals acting along orthogonal axes. These are believed to specify distinct cellular identities by triggering all-or-none changes in expression of combinations of transcription factors. Under the influence of a common dorsoventral signal, sonic hedgehog, and distinct(More)
Autologous cultured keratinocyte layers were grafted onto the unepithelialised open mastoid cavities in 8 patients with otorrhoea for 2 to 32 years. All procedures were done on an outpatient basis without anaesthesia, except for local anaesthesia for skin biopsy. The cultured keratinocyte layers adhered well to the bed of granulation tissue lining the(More)
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