Christopher Ma

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Complications after colectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC) have not been well characterized in large, population-based studies. We characterized postoperative in-hospital complications, stratified them by severity, and assessed independent clinical predictors, including use of immunosuppressants. METHODS We performed population-based(More)
BACKGROUND 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, also known as statins, are a drug class that reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood. As a result, statins are used to suppress the progression of cardiovascular disease. Evidence points to another component of statins involving the non-lipid effects of the drug class in(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha agents in maintaining remission in Crohn's disease may wane over time, leading to secondary loss of response that can often be overcome with dose escalation. Comparison of secondary loss of response of adalimumab and infliximab during long-term treatment of CD in a real-life IBD clinic has not been(More)
GOALS To compare the proportion of secondary loss of response to adalimumab and infliximab during maintenance treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) after primary response to induction therapy. BACKGROUND The efficacy of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) therapy used to maintain response in patients with UC after primary response to induction therapy(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of adalimumab in maintaining remission in Crohn's disease patients may wane over time, leading to secondary loss of response that is often managed with dose escalation. However, the response to adalimumab dose escalation and long-term outcomes after escalation have not been well evaluated. AIMS To characterise the short- and(More)
The key feature of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is the insufficient production of surfactant in the lungs of preterm infants. As a result, researchers have looked into the possibility of surfactant replacement therapy as a means of preventing and treating RDS. We sought to identify the role of surfactant in the prevention and management of RDS,(More)
We report the first successful synthesis and characterization of single-crystal wurtzite CdSe nanoribbons through a simple thermal evaporation process. Asymmetric growth of the nanoribbons occurs, yielding a sawlike shape with sharp teeth on one side. This asymmetric growth is suggested to be induced by the polarization of the c-plane in the wurtzite(More)
BACKGROUND Although biological agents targeting tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha are effective in the management of Crohn's disease (CD), use of anti-TNF agents is often delayed until after failure of other treatment modalities, resulting in potentially long delays between diagnosis and initiation of infliximab or adalimumab. We aim to determine if early(More)
BACKGROUND Leaving hospital against medical advice (AMA) may have consequences with respect to health-related outcomes; however, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients have been inadequately studied. Thus, we determined the prevalence of self-discharge, assessed predictors of AMA status, and evaluated time trends. METHODS We analyzed the 1995-2005(More)
BACKGROUND Ulcerative colitis (UC) patients failing medical management require colectomy. This study compares risk estimates for predictors of postoperative complication derived from administrative data against that of chart review and evaluates the accuracy of administrative coding for this population. METHODS Hospital administrative databases were used(More)