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The polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB) is an important regulator of alternative splicing that also affects mRNA localization, stabilization, polyadenylation, and translation. NMR structural analysis of the N-terminal half of PTB (residues 55-301) shows a canonical structure for RRM1 but reveals novel extensions to the beta strands and C terminus of(More)
The fold of the murine Sox-5 (mSox-5) HMG box in free solution has been determined by multidimensional NMR using (15)N-labeled protein and has been found to adopt the characteristic twisted L-shape made up of two wings: the major wing comprising helix 1 (F10--F25) and helix 2 (N32--A43), the minor wing comprising helix 3 (P51--Y67) in weak antiparallel(More)
Several groups have reported weak evidence for linkage between schizophrenia and genetic markers located on chromosome 22q using the lod score method of analysis. However these findings involved different genetic markers and methods of analysis, and so were not directly comparable. To resolve this issue we have performed a combined analysis of genotypic(More)
Chinese adults literate only in Chinese characters could not add or delete individual consonants in spoken Chinese words. A comparable group of adults, literate in alphabetic spelling as well as characters, could perform the same tasks readily and accurately. The two groups were similar in education and experience but differed in age and consequently in(More)
The thermal properties of two forms of the Drosophila melanogaster HMG-D protein, with and without its highly basic 26 residue C-terminal tail (D100 and D74) and the thermodynamics of their non-sequence-specific interaction with linear DNA duplexes were studied using scanning and titration microcalorimetry, spectropolarimetry, fluorescence anisotropy and(More)
We have determined the tertiary structure of box 2 from hamster HMG1 using bacterial expression and 3D NMR. The all alpha-helical fold is in the form of a V-shaped arrowhead with helices along two edges and one rather flat face. This architecture is not related to any of the known DNA binding motifs. Inspection of the fold shows that the majority of(More)
Sox-5 is one of a family of genes which show homology to the HMG box region of the testis determining gene SRY. We have used indirect immunofluorescence to show that Sox-5 protein is localized to the nucleus of post-meiotic round spermatids in the mouse testis. In vitro footprinting and gel retardation assays demonstrate that Sox-5 binds specifically to the(More)
To clarify the physical basis of DNA binding specificity, the thermodynamic properties and DNA binding and bending abilities of the DNA binding domains (DBDs) of sequence-specific (SS) and non-sequence-specific (NSS) HMG box proteins were studied with various DNA recognition sequences using micro-calorimetric and optical methods. Temperature-induced(More)
The energetics of the Sox-5 HMG box interaction with DNA duplexes, containing the recognition sequence AACAAT, were studied by fluorescence spectroscopy, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Fluorescence titration showed that the association constant of this HMG box with the duplexes is of the order 4x10(7)(More)
The structural energetics of the HMG box from the DNA-binding protein mouse Sox-5 were examined calorimetrically. It was found that this box, notwithstanding its small size (molecular mass about 10 kDa), does not behave as a single cooperative unit and, on heating, the box reversibly unfolds in two separate stages. The first transition (tt approximately 34(More)