Christopher M. Overall

Learn More
For more than two decades, the view that tumour-associated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were required for peritumour tissue degradation and metastasis dominated the drive to develop MMP inhibitors as anticancer therapeutics. Until recently, clinical trials with MMP inhibitors have yielded disappointing results, highlighting the need for better insight(More)
Invasive cell migration through tissue barriers requires pericellular remodelling of extracellular matrix (ECM) executed by cell-surface proteases, particularly membrane-type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP/MMP-14). Using time-resolved multimodal microscopy, we show how invasive HT-1080 fibrosarcoma and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells coordinate(More)
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) mediate homeostasis of the extracellular environment. They have multiple signalling activities that are commonly altered during tumorigenesis and that might serve as intervention points for anticancer drugs. However, there are many criteria to consider in validating MMPs as drug targets and for the development of MMP(More)
We introduce human proteome-derived, database-searchable peptide libraries for characterizing sequence-specific protein interactions. To identify endoprotease cleavage sites, we used peptides in such libraries with protected primary amines to simultaneously determine sequence preferences on the N-terminal (nonprime P) and C-terminal (prime P') sides of the(More)
Chemokines provide directional cues for leukocyte migration and activation that are essential for normal leukocytic trafficking and for host responses during processes such as inflammation, infection, and cancer. Recently we reported that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) modulate the activity of the CC chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-3 by(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-3 is inactivated upon cleavage by the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gelatinase A (MMP-2). We investigated the susceptibility to proteolytic processing of the 4 human MCPs by 8 recombinant MMPs to determine whether MCP-3 is an isolated example or represents a general susceptibility of chemokines to proteolytic(More)
The temporal aspects and mechanisms of the regulation of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 72-kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase (MMP-2) by transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) were investigated in early passage human gingival fibroblasts and compared with the regulation of the genes for collagenase (MMP-1) and TIMP, the tissue inhibitor of MMPs.(More)
The availability of the human and mouse genome sequences has allowed the identification and comparison of their respective degradomes--the complete repertoire of proteases that are produced by these organisms. Because of the essential roles of proteolytic enzymes in the control of cell behaviour, survival and death, degradome analysis provides a useful(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have fundamental roles in tumor progression, but most clinical trials with MMP inhibitors have not shown improvements in individuals with cancer. This may be partly because broad-range inhibitors also reduce host-protective antitumor properties of individual MMPs. We generated mice deficient in collagenase-2 (Mmp8), an MMP(More)
The function of ancillary domains and modules attatched to the catalytic domain of mutidomain proteases, such as the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), are not well understood. The importance of discrete MMP substrate binding sites termed exosites on domains located outside the catalytic domain was first demonstrated for native collagenolysis. The essential(More)