Christopher M. Overall

Learn More
Recombinant collagen-binding domain (rCBD) comprising the three fibronectin type II-like modules of human gelatinase A was found to compete the zymogen form of this matrix metalloproteinase from the cell surface of normal human fibroblasts in culture. Upon concanavalin A treatment of cells, the induced cellular activation of gelatinase A was markedly(More)
A dentine protein extraction protocol was modified in order to identify matrix metalloproteinase gelatinolytic activities in the non-mineralized and mineralized phases of human dentine. Dentine proteins from 24 individual permanent molars from patients aged 15-73 years were sequentially extracted, first with guanidinium chloride (G1 extract), then EDTA (E(More)
In organisms with complex plastids acquired by secondary endosymbiosis from a photosynthetic eukaryote, the majority of plastid proteins are nuclear-encoded, translated on cytoplasmic ribosomes, and guided across four membranes by a bipartite targeting sequence. In-depth understanding of this vital import process has been impeded by a lack of information(More)
The mechanisms of neurodegeneration that result in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 dementia have not yet been identified. Here, we report that HIV-infected macrophages secrete the zymogen matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), which is activated by exposure to MT1-MMP on neurons. Stromal cell-derived factor 1 alpha (SDF-1), a chemokine overexpressed(More)
Proteolysis is a major protein posttranslational modification that, by altering protein structure, affects protein function and, by truncating the protein sequence, alters peptide signatures of proteins analyzed by proteomics. To identify such modified and shortened protease-generated neo-N-termini on a proteome-wide basis, we developed a whole protein(More)
Mouse 3T3 cell lines capable of constitutively synthesizing an RNA complementary to the messenger RNA encoding TIMP, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases, were constructed by transfection with appropriate plasmid constructs. Many of the lines were down-modulated for TIMP messenger RNA levels and secreted less TIMP into the culture medium. In comparison to(More)
The bone and bone marrow are the most common sites of metastasis in breast cancer. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-2, produced by cancer cells or, more typically, induced in the adjacent normal stroma are necessary for the degradation of extracellular matrix essential for cancer metastasis. Here we describe a mechanism by which breast(More)
The tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases 1-4 (TIMPs) have discrete regulatory roles in the activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 (gelatinase A), an important basement membrane-degrading MMP pivotal to tumor metastasis and angiogenesis. TIMP-2 binds to both the hemopexin C domain of progelatinase A and the active site of membrane type-1 (MT1)(More)
BACKGROUND Agrin is the key inducer of postsynaptic differentiations at the neuromuscular junction. The multidomain heparan sulfate proteoglycan is mediating via its N-terminal segment the interaction with laminin, whereas the C-terminal portion is responsible for Dystroglycan binding and clustering of the Acetylcholine receptor. Matrix metalloproteinases(More)
Post-translational modifications enable extra layers of control of the proteome, and perhaps the most important is proteolysis, a major irreversible modification affecting every protein. The intersection of the protease web with a proteome sculpts that proteome, dynamically modifying its state and function. Protease expression is distorted in cancer, so(More)