Christopher M. O'Connor

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The structure of people's conceptual knowledge of concrete nouns has traditionally been viewed as hierarchical (Collins & Quillian, 1969). For example, superordinate concepts (vegetable) are assumed to reside at a higher level than basic-level concepts (carrot). A feature-based attractor network with a single layer of semantic features developed(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this review is to assess the relationship between mood disorders and development, course, and associated morbidity and mortality of selected medical illnesses, review evidence for treatment, and determine needs in clinical practice and research. DATA SOURCES Data were culled from the 2002 Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance(More)
This article explores the relationship between depression and cardiovascular disease from a mechanistic standpoint. Depression and cardiovascular disease are two of the most prevalent health problems in the United States and are the two leading causes of disability both in the United States and worldwide. Although depression is a known risk factor for the(More)
CONTEXT Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) have been limited by small sample size. Some nonrandomized studies suggest that PAC use is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE To estimate the impact of the PAC device in critically ill patients. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE (1985-2005), the(More)
OBJECTIVE Quick-release bromocriptine (bromocriptine-QR), a D2 dopamine receptor agonist, is indicated as a treatment for type 2 diabetes. The Cycloset Safety Trial, a 52-week, randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial, evaluated the overall safety and cardiovascular safety of this novel therapy for type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors investigated the links between depression, cardiac disease, and microcirculatory cerebral blood flow (CBF). METHOD A magnetic resonance imaging technique based on arterial spin tagging was used to estimate microcirculatory CBF in depressed (N = 5) and comparison (N = 14) elderly subjects with coronary artery disease. Signal intensity(More)
Depression is highly prevalent in patients with cardiovascular disease and is independently associated with a poor prognosis when present. A very important aspect of continued therapeutic advances in this field will be the ability to show a convincing connection between the treatment of depression in patients with heart disease and a reduction in morbidity(More)
BACKGROUND Several therapies are guideline-recommended to reduce mortality in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, but the incremental clinical effectiveness of these therapies has not been well studied. We aimed to evaluate the individual and incremental benefits of guideline-recommended HF therapies associated(More)
AIMS Natriuretic peptide-guided (NP-guided) treatment of heart failure has been tested against standard clinically guided care in multiple studies, but findings have been limited by study size. We sought to perform an individual patient data meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of NP-guided treatment of heart failure on all-cause mortality. METHODS AND(More)
Metabolomics is an emerging technology that allows researchers to characterize hundreds of small molecules that comprise the metabolome. We sought to determine metabolic differences in depressed and nondepressed participants. The sample consisted of a depressed group of patients with heart failure enrolled in an NIMH-supported clinical trial of sertraline(More)