Christopher M Mela

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HIV-1-specific CD8 cytotoxic and CD4 helper T-lymphocytes, which are respectively the central effector and regulatory cells in viral infections, together with fully functional antigen-presenting cells, are essential at all stages of HIV-1 infection to control viral activity. Recent studies indicate that such protective HIV-1-specific immune responses can be(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 infection is characterized by increase in inhibitory receptors and loss of activating receptors on natural killer (NK) cells, resulting in loss of cell activity. Exceptionally, for an inhibitory receptor, the proportion of NK cells bearing CD94-NKG2A decreases during HIV-1 infection. It is not understood whether HIV-1 itself or other(More)
BACKGROUND Distinct functional subsets of natural killer cells potentially contribute to the pathology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIM To report the phenotypic and functional characteristics of natural killer cells in blood and lamina propria of IBD patients, and the effect of azathioprine. METHODS Natural killer cells from blood and lamina(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 infection is known to have a detrimental impact on peripheral blood natural killer cell phenotype and function. Chronic HIV-1 also causes a substantial depletion of CD4+ T cells in the gastrointestinal tract and the blood. OBJECTIVE To investigate the impact of chronic HIV-1 infection with on natural killer cell populations in the(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is an AIDS-defining condition in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. We investigated the phenotype and function of the NKG2C+ NK cell population in individuals with AIDS and Kaposi's sarcoma. The staging of AIDS KS patients according to the AIDS Clinical Trial Group criteria revealed that patients with the(More)
Chronic HIV-1 infection results in the expansion of both NKG2C+ and CD16+CD56- human natural killer cells. NKG2C+ cells proliferate in response to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and expansion of the dysfunctional CD56-CD16+ natural killer (NK) cells is associated with HIV-1 viremia. Here we report an association between increased proportions of CD56-CD16+ NK(More)
Efficacious protection for future generations from HIV-1 infection through the development of prophylactic vaccines is the best hope for the millions of individuals living with the threat of HIV-1 infection. Advances in the development of non-curative chemotherapy for those already infected have changed the course of the epidemic for those with access to(More)
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