Christopher M Mayer

Learn More
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) supports survival of 50% of visceral afferent neurons in the nodose/petrosal sensory ganglion complex (NPG; Ernfors et al., 1994a; Jones et al., 1994; Conover et al., 1995; Liu et al., 1995; Erickson et al., 1996), including arterial chemoafferents that innervate the carotid body and are required for development of(More)
Hypothalamic insulin signaling is essential to the maintenance of glucose and energy homeostasis. During pathological states, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin signaling is impaired. One key mechanism involved in the development of insulin resistance is lipotoxicity, through increased circulating saturated fatty acids. Although many(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of a multifaceted paediatric rapid response system on the duration of predefined clinical instability and the subsequent rate of cardiac arrests. METHODS An interrupted time series study coupled with a retrospective chart review to evaluate the effects of implementing a four component paediatric rapid response system.(More)
Central insulin signaling is critical for the prevention of insulin resistance. Hyperinsulinemia contributes to insulin resistance, but it is not yet clear whether neurons are subject to cellular insulin resistance. We used an immortalized, hypothalamic, clonal cell line, mHypoE-46, which exemplifies neuronal function and expresses the components of the(More)
Insulin plays a key role in the maintenance of nutrient homeostasis through central regulation of neuropeptides. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) are vital orexigenic peptides that are regulated by insulin, although the processes utilized are unknown. Using a hypothalamic, clonal cell line, mHypoE-46, which endogenously expresses NPY,(More)
It is established that increases in neuropeptide Y (NPY) expression are associated with hyperphagia and obesity. These effects can be reversed by estrogen, a recognized anorexigen. We found that 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) regulates biphasic NPY gene expression in a clonal, immortalized hypothalamic cell line, N-38, through estrogen receptor (ER) action at the(More)
The mechanisms dictating the developmental expression of individual neuropeptides within the hypothalamus have not yet been elucidated. In this paper we have studied the cis-acting elements involved in the repression of neuropeptide Y (NPY) gene expression in a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuronal cell model, GT1-7 cells. Using transient(More)
1. To define the role of environmental oxygen in regulating postnatal maturation of the carotid body afferent pathway, light and electron microscopic methods were used to compare chemoafferent neurone survival and carotid body development in newborn rats reared from birth in normoxia (21 % O2) or chronic hyperoxia (60 % O2). 2. Four weeks of chronic(More)
The hypothalamus is the control center for most physiological processes; yet has been difficult to study due to the inherent heterogeneity of this brain region. For this reason, researchers have turned towards cell models. Primary hypothalamic cultures are difficult to maintain, are heterogeneous neuronal and glial cell populations and often contain a(More)
  • 1