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Transient receptor potential ion channel melastatin subtype 8 (TRPM8) is activated by cold temperatures and cooling agents, such as menthol and icilin. Compounds containing peppermint are reported to reduce symptoms of bowel hypersensitivity; however, the underlying mechanisms of action are unclear. Here we determined the role of TRPM8 in colonic sensory(More)
AIMS Members of the acid sensing ion channel (ASIC) family are strong candidates as mechanical transducers in sensory function. The authors have shown that ASIC1a has no role in skin but a clear influence in gastrointestinal mechanotransduction. Here they investigate further ASIC1a in gut mechanoreceptors, and compare its influence with ASIC2 and ASIC3. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family includes transducers of mechanical and chemical stimuli for visceral sensory neurons. TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is implicated in inflammatory pain; it interacts with G-protein-coupled receptors, but little is known about its role in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Sensory information from(More)
Metabotropic glutamate 5 receptor (mGluR5) antagonists are effective in animal models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. The involvement of mGluR5 in visceral pain pathways from the gastrointestinal tract is as yet unknown. We evaluated effects of mGluR5 antagonists on the colorectal distension (CRD)-evoked visceromotor (VMR) and cardiovascular responses(More)
OBJECTIVE Intestinal infection evokes hypersensitivity in a subgroup of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) long after healing of the initial injury. Trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in rodents likewise results in delayed maintained hypersensitivity, regarded as a model of some aspects of IBS. The colon and rectum have a complex(More)
Protease-activated receptor (PAR(2)) is expressed by nociceptive neurons and activated during inflammation by proteases from mast cells, the intestinal lumen, and the circulation. Agonists of PAR(2) cause hyperexcitability of intestinal sensory neurons and hyperalgesia to distensive stimuli by unknown mechanisms. We evaluated the role of the transient(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Linaclotide is a minimally absorbed agonist of guanylate cyclase-C (GUCY2C or GC-C) that reduces symptoms associated with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). Little is known about the mechanism by which linaclotide reduces abdominal pain in patients with IBS-C. METHODS We determined the effects of linaclotide on colonic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Visceral mechanoreceptors are critical for perceived sensations and autonomic reflex control of gastrointestinal function. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying visceral mechanosensation remain poorly defined. Degenerin/epithelial Na+ channel (DEG/ENaC) family ion channels are candidate mechanosensory molecules, and we hypothesized(More)
The Deg/ENaC family of ion channels, including ASIC1, 2 and 3, are candidate mechanotransducers in visceral and somatic sensory neurons, although each channel may play a different role in different sensory pathways. Here we determined which distinct populations of visceral sensory neurons are sensitive to the non-selective Deg/ENaC blocker benzamil, and(More)