Christopher M. LaPrade

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Meniscal root tears, less common than meniscal body tears and frequently unrecognized, are a subset of meniscal injuries that often result in significant knee joint disorders. The meniscus root attachment aids meniscal function by securing the meniscus in place and allowing for optimal shock-absorbing function in the knee. With root tears, meniscal(More)
BACKGROUND An avulsion of the posterior root attachment of the lateral meniscus or a radial tear close to the root attachment can lead to degenerative knee arthritis. Although the biomechanical effects of comparable injuries involving the medial meniscus have been studied, we are aware of no such study involving the lateral meniscus. We hypothesized that in(More)
BACKGROUND While the biomechanical importance of the meniscal roots has been demonstrated, the anatomy of the anterior meniscal roots remains largely unknown. Defining the quantitative anatomy of the anterior meniscal root attachments is essential for developing improved diagnostic and surgical techniques. HYPOTHESIS The anterior medial (AM) and anterior(More)
BACKGROUND The current standard for treating complete tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is reconstruction, which requires reaming a tibial tunnel. Based on recent anatomic and biomechanical studies, this reconstruction tunnel may cause injuries to the anterior meniscal root attachments. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS The purpose was to determine if(More)
The meniscal roots are essential for preserving the native biomechanical and structural properties of the tibiofemoral joint. Meniscus root avulsions, which disrupt the normal meniscus anchoring points, have been reported to result in deleterious biomechanics and clinical outcomes. In this series, two cases of iatrogenic medial meniscus anterior root(More)
BACKGROUND Meniscal root tears present in many forms and can have profound consequences on the health of knee articular cartilage. While the biomechanics, natural history, and treatment of root tears have been increasingly investigated, the spectrum of meniscal root tear patterns observed during arthroscopic examination has yet to be defined and(More)
BACKGROUND Posterior medial meniscal root tears have been reported to extrude with the meniscus becoming adhered posteromedially along the posterior capsule. While anatomic repair has been reported to restore tibiofemoral contact mechanics, it is unknown whether nonanatomic positioning of a meniscal root repair to a posteromedial location would restore the(More)
BACKGROUND While the effects of concurrent meniscal resection and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are known to decrease patient outcomes and increase the rate of osteoarthritis over the long term, overall short-term patient functional outcomes in a large cohort of patients are not well known. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS The purpose of this study(More)
The posterior lateral (PL) meniscal root plays an essential role in ensuring the health of the articular cartilage of the knee joint. Injuring the PL meniscal root has been demonstrated to result in significant deleterious changes to tibiofemoral contact mechanics. Anatomic studies have reported that the posterolateral bundle of the anterior cruciate(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to quantify the meniscal root anatomy of the New Zealand white rabbit to better understand this animal model for future in vitro and in vivo joint degeneration studies. METHODS Ten non-paired fresh frozen New Zealand white rabbit knee stifle joints were carefully disarticulated for this study. Measurements were(More)