Christopher M Jenkins

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Genetic knockout of hormone-sensitive lipase in mice has implicated the presence of other intracellular triacylglycerol (TAG) lipases mediating TAG hydrolysis in adipocytes. Despite intense interest in these TAG lipases, their molecular identities thus far are largely unknown. Sequence data base searches for proteins containing calcium-independent(More)
The mobilization of fat stored in adipose tissue is mediated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and the recently characterized adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), yet their relative importance in lipolysis is unknown. We show that a novel potent inhibitor of HSL does not inhibit other lipases. The compound counteracted catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis in(More)
The agonist-stimulated release of arachidonic acid (AA) from cellular phospholipids in many cell types (e.g. myocytes, beta-cells, and neurons) has been demonstrated to be primarily mediated by calcium-independent phospholipases A(2) (iPLA(2)s) that are inhibited by the mechanism-based inhibitor(More)
Cytochrome P450 (P450) 2D6 is the classic human liver debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase, the first human P450 for which genetic polymorphism was clearly demonstrated. We prepared 11 different constructs of P450 2D6, with modification at the N-terminus, for expression in Escherichia coli with the vector pCW. These varied considerably in levels of expression of apo-(More)
During the sequencing of the long arm of chromosome 7 in the Human Genome Project, a predicted protein product of 40 kDa was identified, which contained two approximately 10-amino acid segments homologous to the ATP and lipase consensus sequences present in the founding members of a family of calcium-independent phospholipases A(2). Detailed inspection of(More)
Myocardial phospholipids serve as primary reservoirs of arachidonic acid (AA), which is liberated through the rate-determining hydrolytic action of cardiac phospholipases A2 (PLA2s). A predominant PLA2 in myocardium is calcium-independent phospholipase A2beta (iPLA2beta), which, through its calmodulin (CaM) and ATP-binding domains, is regulated by(More)
Murine myocardium contains diminutive amounts of calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) activity (<5% that of human heart), and malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias are infrequent during acute murine myocardial ischemia. Accordingly we considered the possibility that the mouse was a species-specific knockdown of the human pathologic phenotype of(More)
The electrochemically reduced mediator cobalt sepulchrate requires the presence of a flavoprotein for the rapid transfer of electrons to cytochrome P450. This electrochemical method has been used here to show the interaction of NADPH-P450 reductase (either the detergent-solubilized form, d-OR, or the proteolytic-cleaved truncated form, t-OR), as well as(More)
In addition to their endogenous roles as an activation system for various Escherichia coli metabolic pathways, the soluble flavoproteins flavodoxin (Fld) and NADPH-flavodoxin (ferredoxin) reductase (Fpr) can serve as an electron-transfer system for microsomal cytochrome P450s. Furthermore, since Fld and Fpr are structurally similar to the functional domains(More)
Two soluble flavoproteins, purified from Escherichia coli cytosol and identified as flavodoxin and NADPH-flavodoxin (ferredoxin) reductase (flavodoxin reductase), have been found in combination to support the 17 alpha-hydroxylase activities of heterologously expressed bovine 17 alpha-hydroxylase cytochrome P450 (P450c17). Physical characteristics of the two(More)