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Despite the large and growing literature on microplastics in the ocean, little information exists on microplastics in freshwater systems. This study is the first to evaluate the abundance, distribution, and composition of pelagic microplastic pollution in a large, remote, mountain lake. We quantified pelagic microplastics and shoreline anthropogenic debris… (More)
The pelagic brown alga Sargassum forms an oasis of biodiversity and productivity in an otherwise featureless ocean surface. The vast pool of oil resulting from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill came into contact with a large portion of the Gulf of Mexico's floating Sargassum mats. Aerial surveys performed during and after the oil spill show compelling… (More)
Design and measurement data are presented that show how the novel concept of a traveling-wave-fed circular-polarization (CP) microstrip antenna can be extended to provide an antenna with dual CP. A new refinement to the basic antenna structure is also introduced that shows that the efficiency of radiation can be enhanced by using a dual dielectric to… (More)
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly being used globally to conserve marine resources. However, whether many MPAs are being effectively and equitably managed, and how MPA management influences substantive outcomes remain unknown. We developed a global database of management and fish population data (433 and 218 MPAs, respectively) to assess: MPA… (More)
Copyright: © 2016 Free et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Illegal harvest is recognized as a widespread problem in natural resource management. The use of multiple methods for quantifying illegal harvest has been widely recommended yet infrequently applied. We used a mixed-method approach to evaluate the extent, character, and motivations of illegal gillnet fishing in Lake Hovsgol National Park, Mongolia and its… (More)
This article simplifies the complexity of an adaptive antenna by employing the genetic algorithm. The system requires only the error signal and the phase-shifters in the discrete value to form an antenna pattern. An adaptive antenna with two elements and sixteen discrete steps of phase shifter is used. The instantaneous sample of an error signal is used as… (More)