Christopher M. Dobson

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  • Francesco A. Aprile, Anne Dhulesia, Florian Stengel, Cintia Roodveldt, Justin L. P. Benesch, Paolo Tortora +4 others
  • 2013
Oligomerization in the heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 family has been extensively documented both in vitro and in vivo, although the mechanism, the identity of the specific protein regions involved and the physiological relevance of this process are still unclear. We have studied the oligomeric properties of a series of human Hsp70 variants by means of(More)
We present a protocol for the experimental determination of ensembles of protein conformations that represent simultaneously the native structure and its associated dynamics. The procedure combines the strengths of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy—for obtaining experimental information at the atomic level about the structural and dynamical features(More)
NMR spectroscopy plays a major role in the determination of the structures and dynamics of proteins and other biological macromolecules. Chemical shifts are the most readily and accurately measurable NMR parameters, and they reflect with great specificity the conformations of native and nonnative states of proteins. We show, using 11 examples of proteins(More)
Protein aggregation into amyloid fibrils and protofibrillar aggregates is associated with a number of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. We have established, using a computational approach, that knowledge of the primary sequences of proteins is sufficient to predict their in vitro aggregation propensities. Here we demonstrate, using rational(More)
α-Synuclein (α-syn) is the major component of filamentous Lewy bodies found in the brains of patients diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent studies demonstrate that, in addition to the wild-type sequence, α-syn is found in several modified forms, including truncated and phosphorylated species. Although the mechanism by which the neuronal loss in(More)
The intrinsically disordered protein alpha-synuclein plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). We show here that the native state of alpha-synuclein consists of a broad distribution of conformers with an ensemble-averaged hydrodynamic radius significantly smaller than that expected for a random coil structure. This partial(More)
More than 40 human diseases are associated with fibrillar deposits of specific peptides or proteins in tissue. Amyloid fibrils, or their precursors, can be highly toxic to cells, suggesting their key role in disease pathogenesis. Proteins not associated with any disease are able to form oligomers and amyloid assemblies in vitro displaying structures and(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that oligomeric protein assemblies may represent the molecular species responsible for cytotoxicity in a range of neurological disorders including Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases. We use all-atom computer simulations to reveal that the process of oligomerization can be divided into two steps. The first is characterised by a(More)
We used nuclear magnetic resonance data to determine ensembles of conformations representing the structure and dynamics of calmodulin (CaM) in the calcium-bound state (Ca(2+)-CaM) and in the state bound to myosin light chain kinase (CaM-MLCK). These ensembles reveal that the Ca(2+)-CaM state includes a range of structures similar to those present when CaM(More)
Protein misfolding and aggregation are interconnected processes involved in a wide variety of nonneuropathic, systemic, and neurodegenerative diseases. More generally, if mutations in sequence or changes in environmental conditions lead to partial unfolding of the native state of a protein, it will often aggregate, sometimes into well-defined fibrillar(More)