Christopher M Cheatum

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We investigate the sensitivity of femtosecond Fourier transform two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy to protein secondary structure with a study of antiparallel beta-sheets. The results show that 2D IR spectroscopy is more sensitive to structural differences between proteins than traditional infrared spectroscopy, providing an observable that allows(More)
In recent years, kinetic measurements of isotope effects of enzyme-catalyzed reactions and their temperature dependence led to the development of theoretical models that were used to rationalize the findings. These models suggested that motions at the femto- to picosecond (fs to ps) time scale modulate the environment of the catalyzed reaction. Due to the(More)
Kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) and their temperature dependence can probe the structural and dynamic nature of enzyme-catalyzed proton or hydride transfers. The molecular interpretation of their temperature dependence requires expensive and specialized quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) calculations to provide a quantitative molecular(More)
Using idealized models for parallel and antiparallel beta sheets, we calculate the linear and two-dimensional infrared spectra of the amide I vibration as a function of size and secondary structure. The model assumes transition-dipole coupling between the amide I oscillators in the sheet and accounts for the anharmonic nature of these oscillators. Using(More)
The potential for femtosecond to picosecond time-scale motions to influence the rate of the intrinsic chemical step in enzyme-catalyzed reactions is a source of significant controversy. Among the central challenges in resolving this controversy is the difficulty of experimentally characterizing thermally activated motions at this time scale in functionally(More)
We report transient grating and 2D IR spectra of the C-D stretching vibration of deuterated formic acid dimer. The C-D stretching transition is perturbed by an accidental Fermi resonance interaction that gives rise to a second transition. The transient grating results show that the population lifetime of these states, which are in rapid equilibrium, is 11(More)
The role of femtosecond-picosecond structural dynamics of proteins in enzyme-catalyzed reactions is a hotly debated topic. We report infrared photon echo measurement of the formate dehydrogenase-NAD+-azide ternary complex. In contrast to earlier studies of protein dynamics, the data show complete spectral diffusion on the femtosecond-picosecond time scale(More)
At physiological temperatures, enzymes exhibit a broad spectrum of conformations, which interchange via thermally activated dynamics. These conformations are sampled differently in different complexes of the protein and its ligands, and the dynamics of exchange between these conformers depends on the mass of the group that is moving and the length scale of(More)
The spectral position of C-D stretching absorptions in the so-called "transparent window" of protein absorption (1800-2300 cm(-1)) makes them well suited as probes of protein dynamics with high temporal and structural resolution. We have previously incorporated single deuterated amino acids into proteins to site-selectively follow protein folding and ligand(More)
We present three-pulse vibrational echo measurements of azide ion bound to the active site Zn of human carbonic anhydrase II (HCA II) and of two separate active-site mutants Thr199 --> Ala (T199A) and Leu198 --> Phe (L198F). Because structural motions of the protein active site influence the frequency of bound ligands, the differences in the time scales of(More)