Christopher M. Bingham

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This paper describes the application of state-estimation techniques for the real-time prediction of the state-of-charge (SoC) and state-of-health (SoH) of lead-acid cells. Specifically, approaches based on the well-known Kalman Filter (KF) and Extended Kalman Filter (EKF), are presented, using a generic cell model, to provide correction for offset, drift,(More)
This paper describes a novel adaptive battery model based on a remapped variant of the well-known Randles’ lead– acid model. Remapping of the model is shown to allow improved modeling capabilities and accurate estimates of dynamic circuit parameters when used with subspace parameter-estimation techniques. The performance of the proposed methodology is(More)
Purpose: The extensive and unpredictable biliary excretion of CPT-11 and its metabolites, SN-38 and SN-38 glucuronide (SN-38G) may contribute to the wide interpatient variability reported in the disposition and gastrointestinal toxicity of CPT-11. We studied the role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in in vivo biliary excretion of CPT-11, SN-38 and SN-38G in mice(More)
The application of fuzzy-based control strategies has recently gained enormous recognition as an approach for the rapid development of effective controllers for nonlinear time-variant systems. This paper describes the preliminary research and implementation of a fuzzy logic based controller to control the wheel slip for electric vehicle antilock braking(More)
We present a metamaterial that acts as a strongly resonant absorber at terahertz frequencies. Our design consists of a bilayer unit cell which allows for maximization of the absorption through independent tuning of the electrical permittivity and magnetic permeability. An experimental absorptivity of 70% at 1.3 terahertz is demonstrated. We utilize only a(More)
We present novel metamaterial structures based upon various planar wallpaper groups, in both hexagonal and square unit cells. An investigation of metamaterials consisting of one, two, and three unique sub-lattices with resonant frequencies in the terahertz (THz) was performed. We describe the theory, perform simulations, and conduct experiments to(More)
We present the theory, design, and realization of a polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber for terahertz frequencies. Effective-medium theory is used to describe the absorptive properties of the metamaterial in terms of optical constants—a description that has been thus far lacking. From our theoretical approach, we construct a device that yields(More)
We present the design, fabrication and characterization of a dual band metamaterial absorber which experimentally shows two distinct absorption peaks of 0.85 at 1.4 THz and 0.94 at 3.0 THz. The dual band absorber consists of a dual band electric-field-coupled (ELC) resonator and a metallic ground plane, separated by an 8μm dielectric spacer. Fine tuning of(More)
This paper provides a systematic comparative study of compensation schemes for the coordinated motion control of two-inertia mechanical systems. Specifically, classical proportional–integral (PI), proportional–integral–derivative (PID), and resonance ratio control (RRC) are considered, with an enhanced structure based on RRC, termed RRC+, being proposed.(More)
This paper proposes controller design and tuning methodologies that facilitate the rejection of periodic load-side disturbances applied to a torsional mechanical system while simultaneously compensating for the observer’s inherent phase delay. This facilitates the use of lower-bandwidth practically realizable disturbance observers. The merits of(More)