Christopher M. Barbieri

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Recent development of the phosphate chelator, Phos-tag, together with Phos-tag pendant reagents, has provided new methods for detection of phosphorylated serine, threonine, tyrosine, and histidine residues in phosphoproteins. We have investigated the use of Phos-tag for detection and quantification of phospho-aspartate in response regulator proteins that(More)
The LytTR domain is a DNA-binding motif found within the AlgR/AgrA/LytR family of transcription factors that regulate virulence factor and toxin gene expression in pathogenic bacteria. This previously uncharacterized domain lacks sequence similarity with proteins of known structure. The crystal structure of the DNA-binding domain of Staphylococcus aureus(More)
Several G-rich oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs), which are capable of forming G-quadruplexes, have been shown to exhibit antiproliferative activity against tumor cell lines and antitumor activity in nude mice carrying prostate and breast tumor xenografts. However, the molecular basis for their antitumor activity remains unclear. In the current study, we showed(More)
DNA-binding response regulators (RRs) of the OmpR/PhoB subfamily alternate between inactive and active conformational states, with the latter having enhanced DNA-binding affinity. Phosphorylation of an aspartate residue in the receiver domain, usually via phosphotransfer from a cognate histidine kinase, stabilizes the active conformation. Many of the(More)
Oxazole-containing macrocycles, which include the natural product telomestatin, represent a promising class of anticancer agents that target G-quadruplex DNA. Two synthetic hexaoxazole-containing macrocyclic compounds (HXDV and HXLV-AC) have been characterized with regard to their cytotoxic activities versus human cancer cells, as well as the mode,(More)
Riboswitches are non-coding RNA structures located in messenger RNAs that bind endogenous ligands, such as a specific metabolite or ion, to regulate gene expression. As such, riboswitches serve as a novel, yet largely unexploited, class of emerging drug targets. Demonstrating this potential, however, has proven difficult and is restricted to structurally(More)
The aim of this literature review is to discuss the use of dental implants in growing patients and the influence of maxillary and mandibular skeletal and dental growth on the stability of those implants. It is recommended to wait for the completion of dental and skeletal growth, except for severe cases of ectodermal dysplasia.
The OmpR/PhoB family of response regulators (RRs) is the largest class of two-component system signal transduction proteins. Extensive biochemical and structural characterization of these transcription factors has provided insights into their activation and DNA-binding mechanisms. For the most part, OmpR/PhoB family proteins are thought to become activated(More)
2-Deoxystreptamine (2-DOS) aminoglycoside antibiotics exert their antimicrobial activities by targeting the decoding region A site of the rRNA and inhibiting protein synthesis. A prokaryotic specificity of action is critical to therapeutic utility of 2-DOS aminoglycosides as antibiotics. Here, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and fluorescence studies(More)
Aminoglycoside antibiotics bind specifically to a conserved sequence of the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) A site and interfere with protein synthesis. One model for the mechanism underlying the deleterious effects of aminoglycosides on protein synthesis invokes a drug-induced conformational change in the rRNA that involves the destacking of two adenine residues(More)