Christopher Longbottom

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The diagnosis of occlusal caries at non-cavitated sites remains problematic, especially since clinical visual detection has limited sensitivity. Electrical methods of detection show considerable promise, but specificity is reduced. The aims of this in vitro study were: (1) to assess the validity of a new laser fluorescence device--the DIAGNOdent--(and(More)
Children and adolescents must be examined often for occlusal caries. Diagnosis of fissure caries is difficult especially when the tooth surface appears seemingly intact. It has been shown that using traditional clinical methods, as little as 20% of teeth with fissure caries under intact surfaces were correctly recognised as such. Therefore, new methods for(More)
OBJECTIVES This study had two aims, first, to quantify the level of the use of magnification in general dental practice in Scotland and second, to determine the current and potential areas of clinical use of magnification by general dental practitioners. METHODS A questionnaire was sent to all general dental practitioners in Scotland with a Health Board(More)
Dental caries (decay), the most prevalent of diseases, represents a health problem of immense proportions. It principally affects posterior (back) teeth on occlusal (biting) and approximal (adjacent contacting) surfaces. Caries starts as a subsurface demineralization of enamel, may progress to the underlying dentine and, eventually, to cavitation of the(More)
PURPOSE A high prevalence of tooth surface loss due to erosion is well recognized in the United Kingdom (UK), but not in the United States (US). This could be due to prevalence or perception or a combination of both. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of erosion of the upper permanent incisors in US and UK samples of 11-13 year old(More)
The aim of this study was to compare in vitro diagnostic performance of three electrical methods for occlusal caries diagnosis with that of visual inspection and bite-wing radiography. One hundred and seven extracted molar and premolar teeth were subjected to the diagnostic methods by 2 operators and subsequently sectioned for histological validation.(More)
OBJECTIVE A randomised controlled trial to determine the acceptability to dentists and patients of cavity preparation with an Erbium:YAG laser as compared with conventional handpieces. METHODS Fifteen dentists (9 GDPs, 1 community dentist and 5 hospital dentists) treated 77 patients (age range 3.5-68 years old) who had two matched cavities, in a split(More)
This paper reviews the use of electrical measurements of caries, particularly in relation to caries clinical trials. Electrical measurements change as tooth tissue porosity alters in the caries process, but several other variables also have a significant effect on these electrical measurements and hence upon their diagnostic validity. Available(More)
Three dentists recorded laser fluorescence (LF) values on 117 teeth in 70 patients, in the sequence: (1) moist, uncleaned; (2) dried, uncleaned; (3) moist, cleaned; (4) dried, cleaned. LF values varied significantly with surface status (p < 0.01). The optimal cutoffs were up to 5 units lower on uncleaned, moist surfaces compared to the other states. Drying(More)
Accurate and reliable assessment of caries activity is important for determining appropriate treatment needs. The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether dentists could differentiate between the appearances (visual and tactile) of lesions inactivated by regular professional oral hygiene and those control lesions which were not cleaned (active).(More)