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In this study, we performed high-resolution array comparative genomic hybridization with an array of 4153 bacterial artificial chromosome clones to assess copy number changes in 44 archival breast cancers. The tumors were flow sorted to exclude non-tumor DNA and increase our ability to detect gene copy number changes. In these tumors, losses were more(More)
Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, though little is known about some of its rarer forms, including certain histologic types. Using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program data on 135 157 invasive breast cancer cases diagnosed from 1992 to 2001, relationships between nine histologic types of breast cancer and various tumour characteristics(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010, Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries began collecting human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) receptor status for breast cancer cases. METHODS Breast cancer subtypes defined by joint hormone receptor (HR; estrogen receptor [ER] and progesterone receptor [PR]) and HER2 status were assessed across the 28% of the(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer patients with tumors that are estrogen receptor (ER)-positive and/or progesterone receptor (PR)-positive have lower risks of mortality after their diagnosis compared to women with ER- and/or PR-negative disease. However, few studies have evaluated variations in the risks of breast cancer-specific mortality across ER/PR status by(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Functional neuroimaging studies suggest a prominent role for the medial prefrontal cortex in the formation of moral judgments. Activity in this region has also been shown to decline significantly during sleep loss. We therefore examined the effects of 2 nights of sleep deprivation on several aspects of moral judgment. DESIGN Participants(More)
BACKGROUND Triple-negative (ie, estrogen receptor [ER], progesterone receptor, and HER2 negative) breast cancer occurs disproportionately among African American women compared with white women and is associated with a worse prognosis than ER-positive (ER+) breast cancer. Hormonally mediated risk factors may be differentially related to risk of(More)
Although the clinical relevance of molecular subtypes of breast cancer has been documented, little is known about risk factors for different tumor subtypes, especially the HER2-overexpressing and the triple-negative subtypes that have poor prognoses. Obesity may be differentially related to the risk of different subtypes given the various potential(More)
in an unprecedented effort to highlight the critical importance of biomedical research, the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) joined with more than 200 organizations representing a broad spectrum of research interests and diseases to " Rally for Medical Research " in our nation's capital. This historic event, which united research advocates(More)
OBJECTIVE Although pancreatic cancer has an extremely high case fatality rate, little is known about differences in mortality by histologic types. We examined median survival and risk of mortality for endocrine pancreatic tumors and two types of exocrine tumors, adenocarcinomas, and mucinous tumors. METHOD This analysis included 35,276 pancreatic cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol consumption is a well-established risk factor for breast cancer. This association is thought to be largely hormonally driven, so alcohol use may be more strongly associated with hormonally sensitive breast cancers. Few studies have evaluated how alcohol-related risk varies by breast cancer subtype. METHODS We assessed the relationship(More)