Christopher Langdale Jackson

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The brachiocephalic arteries of fat-fed apolipoprotein E knockout mice develop plaques that frequently rupture and form luminal thromboses. The morphological characteristics of plaques without evidence of instability or with healed previous ruptures (intact) and vessels with acutely ruptured plaques (ruptured) have now been defined, to understand the(More)
Clinical complications of atherosclerosis arise primarily as a result of luminal obstruction due to atherosclerotic plaque growth, with inadequate outward vessel remodeling and plaque destabilization leading to rupture. IL-1 is a proinflammatory cytokine that promotes atherogenesis in animal models, but its role in plaque destabilization and outward vessel(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-associated extracellular matrix degradation is thought to contribute to the progression and rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. However, direct evidence of this concept remains elusive. We hypothesized that overexpression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 or TIMP-2 would attenuate atherosclerotic(More)
AIMS Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis can lead to thinning of the fibrous cap and plaque instability. We previously showed that cell-cell contacts mediated by N-cadherin reduce VSMC apoptosis. This study aimed to determine whether matrix-degrading metalloproteinase (MMP)-dependent N-cadherin cleavage causes VSMC apoptosis. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
RATIONALE High-fat diet with obesity-associated co-morbidities triggers cardiac remodeling and renders the heart more vulnerable to ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, the effect of high-fat diet without obesity and associated co-morbidities is presently unknown. OBJECTIVES To characterize a non-obese mouse model of high-fat diet, assess the(More)
T here is general agreement that atherosclerotic plaque rupture is a major clinical problem and that finding ways to prevent it would be greatly facilitated by an animal model of plaque rupture. The article by Schwartz et al 1 seeks to clarify and define the terms used in descriptions of disrupted atherosclerotic plaques, and then to apply these to murine(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is an important component of atherosclerosis, restenosis after angioplasty and stent placement, and vein graft failure. Outside-in signaling from the cadherin:beta-catenin complex can increase transcription of the cell-cycle gene cyclin D1; however, its role in VSMC proliferation has only recently(More)
AIMS To examine the roles of the membrane attack complex of complement and its sole membrane regulator, CD59, in atherosclerosis. METHODS C6 (C6(-/-)) deficient and CD59a (Cd59a(-/-)) knockout mice were separately crossed onto the apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE(-/-)) background. The double knockout mice were fed high-fat diet in order to study the(More)
Atherosclerosis has been studied in animals for almost a century, yet the events leading up to the rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque (the underlying cause of the majority of fatal thrombosis formation) have only been studied in the past decade, due in part to the development of a mouse model of spontaneous plaque rupture. Apolipoprotein E knockout mice,(More)
The suggestion that smooth muscle cell proliferation contributes to hypertension, atherosclerosis, and restenosis after angioplasty has led to a growing interest in the use of drugs to inhibit this process. This review summarizes pharmacological studies of smooth muscle cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo and identifies specific mediators of(More)