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BACKGROUND "Lean" is a set of principles and techniques that drive organizations to continually add value to the product they deliver by enhancing process steps that are necessary, relevant, and valuable while eliminating those that fail to add value. Lean has been used in manufacturing for decades and has been associated with enhanced product quality and(More)
As it had previously been demonstrated that there were reduced brain dopamine concentrations in monkeys who had been given polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) chronically, we hypothesized that organochlorine compounds in general, and PCBs in particular, might be important in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). In a study of caudate nucleus obtained(More)
Three experiments were conducted to determine the effects of enzyme supplementation and particle size of wheat-based diets on growth performance and nutrient digestibility in nursery and finishing pigs. In Exp. 1, 180 weaned pigs (5.7 kg and 21 d of age) were fed diets in a 35-d growth assay without or with a Trichoderma longibrachiatium enzyme product(More)
This study was conducted to assess the oral health status and dental care needs of elderly adults living in long-term care facilities. Dentists examined 601 elderly adults, living in one of six extended-or intermediate-care facilities, between September 1999 and May 2000. Data from 532 of the subjects were analyzed with descriptive statistics and zero-order(More)
Computed tomographic colonography is a minimally invasive technique for detecting colorectal polyps and colon cancer. Most computed tomographic colonography protocols acquire both prone and supine images to improve the visualization of the lumen wall, reduce false-positives, and improve sensitivity. Comparisons between the prone and supine images can be(More)
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate dietary and environmental factors involved in skin tensile strength of commercial broilers. In Experiment 1 the effect of added dietary fat (4 or 7%), environmental temperature (25 or 20.5 C after 21 d), and anticoccidial drug (halofuginone or salinomycin fed continuously) were examined factorially using male and(More)
This study evaluated whether oral disorders were associated with chronic systemic diseases in 532 Canadian adults who are old and very old and living in institutions. A brief oral examination documented tooth retention, caries, and periodontal and gingival health. Medical records provided information about chronic systemic conditions. A history of stroke(More)
Neuroimaging of animal models of alcoholism offers a unique path for translational research to the human condition. Animal models permit manipulation of variables that are uncontrollable in clinical, human investigation. This symposium, which took place at the annual meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, on(More)
OBJECTIVES Recruitment for randomised clinical trials and community-based studies has received little attention in the dental literature. The goal of this study was to report on our experiences with direct and indirect recruitment methods for a trial to prevent tooth loss in elders. METHODS A direct approach, consisting of an introductory lecture with the(More)
There is limited information regarding oral health status and other predictors of oral health-related quality of life. An association between oral health status and perceived oral health-related quality of life (OHQOL) might help clinicians motivate patients to prevent oral diseases and improve the outcome of some dental public health programs. This study(More)