Christopher L Sprague

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3-Butene-1,2-diol (BDD), a major metabolite of 1,3-butadiene (BD), can readily be oxidized to hydroxymethylvinyl ketone (HMVK), a Michael acceptor. In previous studies, 4-(N-acetyl-l-cystein-S-yl)-1,2-dihydroxybutane (DHB), a urinary metabolite of BD that was used to assess human BD exposure, was suggested to be a metabolite of HMVK, but DHB formation from(More)
3-Butene-1,2-diol (BDD) is a major metabolite of 1,3-butadiene (BD), but the role of BDD in BD toxicity and carcinogenicity remains unclear. In this study, the acute toxicity of BDD was investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats and B6C3F1 mice. Of the rats given 250 mg/kg BDD, 2 out of 4 died within 24 h; rats experienced hypoglycemia, significant(More)
We examined the hypothesis that cortisol (F) modulates the activation of adrenal function induced by treating fetal sheep in vivo with pulsatile ACTH (P-ACTH). Chronically catheterized sheep fetuses were infused in utero for 100 h between day 127 and day 131 of pregnancy with P-ACTH; P-ACTH plus metopirone; P-ACTH plus metopirone plus F; P-ACTH plus(More)
To determine the relation of diurnal changes in plasma progesterone to those in cortisol and estriol we measured the concentrations of progesterone, cortisol and estriol in samples of plasma taken at 30- to 60-min intervals throughout 24 h from women at 30-31, 34-35, and 38-39 weeks of gestation. Plasma progesterone showed a significant diurnal rhythm at(More)
Epidemiological studies have indicated that 1,3-butadiene exposure is associated with an increased risk of leukemia. In human liver microsomes, 1,3-butadiene is rapidly oxidized to butadiene monoxide, which can then be hydrolyzed to 3-butene-1,2-diol (BDD). In this study, BDD and several potential metabolites were characterized in the urine of male B6C3F1(More)
3-Butene-1,2-diol (BDD), an allylic alcohol and major metabolite of 1,3-butadiene, has previously been shown to cause hepatotoxicity and hypoglycemia in male Sprague-Dawley rats, but the mechanisms of toxicity were unclear. In this study, rats were administered BDD (250 mg/kg) or saline, ip, and serum insulin levels, hepatic lactate levels, and hepatic(More)
ACTH given as a continuous infusion to fetal sheep causes an increase in plasma cortisol concentrations and premature labor. However, the effects on fetal adrenal responsiveness in vivo and the mode of ACTH administration on plasma corticosteroids are unknown. We examined the effects on plasma corticosteroids of giving the same total amount of ACTH to fetal(More)
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