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The observation that dietary stearic acid does not raise plasma cholesterol concentration is well documented, although the regulating mechanisms are not completely understood. Therefore, we examined the effect of dietary stearic acid on cholesterol absorption and sterol balance using male Syrian hamsters fed modified NIH-07 cereal-based diets selectively(More)
One approach to fight against schistosomiasis is to develop an efficient vaccine. Schistosoma mansoni tetraspanning orphan receptor (SmTOR) might be a vaccine candidate, as it is a tegument membrane protein expressed most highly in cercariae. In this study we characterized the recombinant first extracellular domain of SmTOR (rSmTORed1) as having the(More)
Internal hernia (IH) is one of the more acute and potentially devastating complications after laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB). Currently, there is no way to predict which patients will develop IH. We propose that patients who undergo periods of rapid excess weight loss (EWL) following LGB are more likely to develop IH. A retrospective review of a(More)
Male Syrian hamsters were fed 0.02, 0.03, or 0.05% cholesterol to test the hypothesis that moderate cholesterol intake increases the cholesteryl ester content of the plasma low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Dietary cholesterol levels of 0.02%-0.05% were chosen to reflect typical human intakes of cholesterol. Hamsters were fed ad libitum a cereal-based diet(More)
Serologic biomarkers for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have yielded variable differentiating ability. Quantitative analysis of a large number of metabolites is a promising method to detect IBD biomarkers. Human subjects with active Crohn's disease (CD) and active ulcerative colitis (UC) were identified, and serum, plasma, and urine specimens were(More)
To prove that primitive reflexes are independent markers of symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection, a case-control study was carried out in a tertiary care, university teaching hospital. Thirty HIV-1-positive symptomatic cases, 30 seropositive asymptomatic controls and 30 HIV-1 seronegative controls consented to participate and(More)