Learn More
BACKGROUND Using the genome-wide association approach in individuals of European ancestry, we and others recently identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 19 loci as associated with blood lipids; 8 of these loci were novel. Whether these same SNPs associate with lipids in a broader range of ethnicities is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities of folate and homocysteine metabolism are associated with a number of pediatric and adult disorders. Folate intake and genetic polymorphisms encoding folate-metabolizing enzymes influence blood folate and homocysteine concentrations, but the effects and interactions of these factors have not been studied on a population-wide basis.(More)
BACKGROUND Increased serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Previous studies have suggested that genetic variation within the CRP gene is associated with serum CRP. METHODS AND RESULTS We genotyped CRP genetic variants in 7159 individuals from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(More)
The chromosomal ampC beta-lactamase in Citrobacter freundii and Enterobacter cloacae is inducible by beta-lactam antibiotics. When an inducible ampC gene is introduced on a plasmid into Escherichia coli together with its transcriptional regulator ampR, the plasmid-borne beta-lactamase is still inducible. We have isolated mutants, containing alterations in a(More)
Population-based allele frequencies and genotype prevalence are important for measuring the contribution of genetic variation to human disease susceptibility, progression, and outcomes. Population-based prevalence estimates also provide the basis for epidemiologic studies of gene-disease associations, for estimating population attributable risk, and for(More)
Radionuclide injury to the lung has been studied in rats, hamsters, dogs, mice and baboons. Exposure of the lung to high dose levels of radionuclides produces a spectrum of progressively more severe functional and morphological changes, ranging from radiation pneumonitis and fibrosis to lung tumors. These changes are somewhat similar for different species.(More)
Young adult rats were exposed via inhalation or intratracheal instillation to oxides of arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, cobalt, lead, selenium, vanadium, and ytterbium. Serial necropsies were performed to assess the metal content in organs at times up to several weeks after exposure. The lung clearance varied widely for these compounds, and the times to remove(More)