Christopher L. Reading

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We previously reported that five daily intramuscular doses of 5-androstenediol (AED), a naturally occurring adrenal steroid hormone, stimulated multilineage recovery of bone marrow in rhesus monkeys with radiation-induced myelosuppression after 4.0 Gy total body irradiation (TBI). Here we report the effect of AED on the survival of eighty rhesus macaques(More)
Total body ionizing irradiation (TBI) between 2-8 Gy causes the hematopoietic component of the acute radiation syndrome (ARS) in humans. Here we report on an exploratory study with 5-androstenediol (AED) in rhesus monkeys exposed to 4 Gy (60)Co gamma TBI. In this study, the effects of two formulations administered 3-4 h after irradiation were evaluated.(More)
17α-Ethynyl-androst-5ene-3β, 7β, 17β-triol (HE3286) is an orally bioavailable analogue of androst-5-ene-3β,7β,17β-triol, a non-glucocorticoid anti-inflammatory metabolite of the adrenal steroid, dehydroepiandrosterone. The pharmacology of HE3286 was characterized in preparation for clinical trials in type 2 diabetes mellitus and other diseases of(More)
Researchers have endeavored to define surface alterations associated with neoplasia for at least 25 years. In comparisons of normal tissues with animal and human tumors, cultured cells before and after transformation with oncogenic agents, tumorigenic and nontumorigenic transformed cells, metastatic and nonmetastatic tumor cells, high- and low-metastatic(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) treatment provides diverse anti-inflammatory benefits in rodent models of diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but only limited benefits to patients. In rodents, DHEA is metabolized to (among others) androstene-3beta,7beta,17beta-triol (AET), which retains potent anti-inflammatory activity.(More)
The metabolome of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), the most abundant adrenal steroid in the human body, includes androgens, estrogens and a series of immune regulating hormones that lack androgenic or estrogenic activity. Of these, 7-hydroxy derivatives, once considered physiologically inactive end products of metabolism, possess a combination of potent(More)
The carbohydrate structure of the membrane glycoprotein of vesicular stomatitis virus (New Jersey serotype) has been determined on material purified from virions grown in spinner cultures of BHKzl cells in the presence of [3H]glucosamine. The intact 3H-glycoprotein contains 6 residues of N-acetyl-n-neuraminic acid, 6 of D-galactose, 6 of D-mannose, 2 of(More)
5-Androstene-3β,7β,17β-triol (AET) is a naturally occurring anti-inflammatory adrenal steroid that limits acute and chronic inflammation. HE3286 (17α-ethynyl-5-androstene-3β,7β,17β-triol) is a synthetic derivative of AET with improved pharmaceutical properties and efficacy in some animal models of autoimmunity. Here, daily oral doses of HE3286 led to a(More)
17α-Ethynyl-5-androsten-3β, 7β, 17β-triol (HE3286) is a synthetic derivative of an endogenous steroid androstenetriol (β-AET), a metabolite of the abundant adrenal steroid deyhdroepiandrosterone (DHEA), with broad anti-inflammatory activities. We tested the ability of this novel synthetic steroid with improved pharmacological properties to limit(More)